|Titre :||2014. Cultivation and production|
|Titre de série :||Afghanistan opium survey|
|Auteurs :||ONUDC / UNODC|
|Type de document :||Rapport|
|Editeur :||New York : UNODC/UNODCCP, 2014|
|Format :||67 p. / ill., graph., tabl.|
|Discipline :||MAR (Marché de la drogue / Drug market)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEENQUETE ; OPIUM ; GEOGRAPHIE ; PRIX ; SECURITE ; PRODUCTION ; ECONOMIE ; EVOLUTION ; MARCHE DE LA DROGUE ; AGRICULTURE ; PURETE ; ERADICATION
Key findings [Extracts]:
The total area under opium poppy cultivation in Afghanistan was estimated at 224,000 hectares in 2014, a 7% increase from the previous year.
* The vast majority (89%) of opium cultivation took place in nine provinces in Afghanistan's Southern and Western regions, which include the country's most insecure provinces.
* Hilmand remained Afghanistan's major opium-cultivating province, followed by Kandahar, Farah, and Nangarhar.
* Opium cultivation increased in most of the main poppy-cultivating provinces, but stabilized in Hilmand itself (+3%).
* Total eradication of opium poppy decreased by 63% in 2014, to 2,692 hectares.
* Average opium yield amounted to 28.7 kilograms per hectare in 2014, which was 9% more than in 2013 (26.3 kilograms per hectare).
* Opium yields in the Southern region, which drive overall production, increased by 27%, from 23.2 kilograms per hectare in 2013 to 29.5 kilograms per hectare in 2014. However, yields in the Southern region were still at relatively low levels in comparison to their levels prior to 2010.
* Potential opium production was estimated at 6,400 tons in 2014, an increase of 17% from its 2013 level (5,500 tons). This increase can be mainly attributed to a strong increase in production in the Southern region, where yields increased by 27% (from 23.2 kilograms per hectare in 2013 to 29.5 kilograms per hectare in 2014).
* Accounting for 69% of national production, the Southern region continued to produce the vast majority of opium in Afghanistan. With 16% of national production, the Western region was the country's second most important opium-producing region in 2014.
* In 2014, opium prices decreased in all regions of Afghanistan. One probable reason for the decrease was an increase in supply due to an increase in production.
* Based on recent data on the morphine content of Afghan opium, the heroin conversion ratio, which describes the amount of opium needed to produce a kilogram of heroin, has been updated. For converting opium to pure heroin base, a ratio of 18.5:1 is estimated; for heroin of export quality (impure heroin of 52% purity), a ratio of 9.6:1 is estimated. These ratios replace the former ratio of 7:1 for converting opium to heroin of unknown purity.
|Domaine :||Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|