|Titre :||Changes in method for obtaining better outcomes in the recruitment of synthetic drug users (2014)|
|Auteurs :||L. REMY ; L. VON DIEMEN ; H. L. SURRATT ; S. P. KURTZ ; F. PECHANSKY|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Addiction Research and Theory (Vol.22, n°5, October 2014)|
|Article en page(s) :||380-385|
|Discipline :||SHS (Sciences humaines et sociales / Humanities and social sciences)|
Thésaurus GéographiqueBRESIL ; ETATS-UNIS
Thésaurus TOXIBASEUSAGER ; DROGUES DE SYNTHESE ; MDMA-ECSTASY ; LSD ; METHODE ; ETHNOGRAPHIE
|Mots-clés:||recrutement ; RDS|
Objective: To describe the problems encountered and resolved in the course of using respondent-driven sampling (RDS), targeted canvassing (TARC), and ethnographic fieldwork (EFW) to recruit ecstasy and/or lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) users.
Method: This study is nested within a larger project designed to investigate the course of drug use, sexual risk behaviors, and psychiatric comorbidities in 240 ecstasy/LSD users. Eligible participants were males and females with ages ranging from 18 to 39 years, who reported ecstasy and/or LSD use at least once during the 90 days prior to interview and were not under treatment for drug and alcohol problems. Strategies were implemented sequentially, over four-month time frames for each method, aiming at fulfilling study objectives.
Results: The final sample included 174 participants (64.36% males). Eight (4.6%) were selected using RDS, 26 (14.94%) with TARC, and 140 (80.45%) using EFW. RDS recruited participants with a higher education level, employed, and with a higher monthly income. Conversely, a higher frequency of drug usage and a higher number of drugs ever used were evident among participants selected via EFW.
Conclusions: Different recruitment techniques reached different types of participants. EFW showed the best performance, granting access to the largest number of participants and with a higher number of drugs ever used. Both RDS and TARC required more time to recruit participants and yielded a lower number of eligible subjects. Participants recruited via RDS had a higher socioeconomic level but also a shorter lifetime history of drug use.
|Domaine :||Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|
|Affiliation :||Center for Drug and Alcohol Research, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil|