|Titre :||A critical first assessment of the new pre-market approval regime for new psychoactive substances (NPS) in New Zealand [For debate] (2014)|
|Auteurs :||C. WILKINS, Auteur ; A. RITTER, Auteur du commentaire ; L. VON DIEMEN, Auteur du commentaire ; S. ROLLES, Auteur du commentaire ; D. KUSHLICK, Auteur du commentaire ; A. L. BRETTEVILLE-JENSEN, Auteur du commentaire ; B. HUGHES, Auteur du commentaire ; P. GRIFFITHS, Auteur du commentaire|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Addiction (Vol.109, n°10, October 2014)|
|Article en page(s) :||1580-1586 ; 1587-1594|
|Note générale :||
- Where is the pleasure? Ritter A., p. 1587-1588.
- New psychoactive substances: issues about the new approach from New Zealand government. von Diemen L., p. 1588-1589.
- Prohibition is a key driver of the new psychoactive substances (NPS) phenomenon. Rolles S., Kushlick D., p. 1589-1590.
- The New Zealand Psychoactive Substances Act (PSA): a policy breakthrough or just a symbolic act? Bretteville-Jensen A.L., p. 1590-1591.
- Regulatory approaches to new psychoactive substances (NPS) in the European Union. Hughes B., Griffiths P., p. 1591-1593.
- Response to commentaries. Wilkins C., p. 1593-1594.
|Discipline :||MAR (Marché de la drogue / Drug market)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEDROGUES DE SYNTHESE ; MARCHE DE LA DROGUE ; REGLEMENTATION ; POLITIQUE ; LEGALISATION ; PUBLICITE ; ETUDE CLINIQUE ; PHENOMENE EMERGENT ; USAGE RECREATIF
Thésaurus GéographiqueNOUVELLE ZELANDE
Background: New Zealand has recently attempted to address the underlying drivers of the escalating new psychoactive substances (NPS) ('legal highs') problem by establishing the world's first pre-market approval regulatory regime for NPS. NPS products which can be shown with clinical trial data to pose a 'low risk' of harm will be approved for legal manufacture and sale.
Aims and method: This paper critically assesses the new regime, drawing on experience of the pharmaceutical sector and legal BZP market.
Findings: A number of characteristics of the recreational use of NPS may not be well addressed by standard medical clinical trials, including binge use, polydrug use, use by vulnerable groups and high-risk modes of administration. The overt advertising and covert promotion of approved NPS products on the internet may make them fairly visible to young people. The black market for unapproved NPS may be difficult to suppress given that unapproved NPS will be physically identical to approved NPS. If the legal market for NPS encourages the use of NPS, alcohol and other drugs there may be an increase in drug-related harm. Alternatively, if the legal NPS market reduces the use of more harmful drugs, there may be a considerable public health benefit.
Conclusions: The clinical trials required for NPS products should address the characteristics of recreational NPS use. Enforcement resources and technical solutions are required to clearly distinguish legal NPS products. The impact the new NPS regime has on other drug use is a key issue and demands further study.
|Domaine :||Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|
|Refs biblio. :||63|
|Affiliation :||Social and Health Outcomes Research and Evaluation (SHORE), SHORE and Whariki Research Centre, School of Public Health, Massey University, Auckland, New Zealand|