|Titre :||Drug dealers, retaliation, and deterrence (2014)|
|Auteurs :||S. JACQUES ; R. WRIGHT ; A. ALLEN|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||International Journal of Drug Policy (Vol.25, n°4, July 2014)|
|Article en page(s) :||656-662|
|Discipline :||SHS (Sciences humaines et sociales / Humanities and social sciences)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEREVENDEUR ; CRIMINOLOGIE ; ETUDE QUALITATIVE ; VICTIME
Background: Illicit drug sellers have limited access to formal mediation and therefore are rational targets to predators. As such, dealers are especially reliant on retaliation to deter victimization. Prior scholarship on dealers, retaliation, and deterrence has focused largely on general deterrence, or the effect of punishing one person on others. Research is yet to shed much light on other types of deterrence that dealers engage in.
Methods: This paper addresses that gap by drawing on qualitative data obtained in interviews with 25 unincarcerated drug sellers from disadvantaged neighborhoods in St. Louis, Missouri.
Results: We find that dealers' use of retaliation is linked to four kinds of deterrence - general, specific, situational, and permeating - and that these are combined into three forms: namely, specific-situational; specific-permeating; and comprehensive (i.e., all four kinds simultaneously).
Conclusion: Implications for research, theory, and "criminal justice" are discussed. Specifically, we call for future scholarship to examine how each type of deterrence affects the others, and suggest that both predation against and retaliation by drug dealers might be reduced by granting them greater access to formal means of dispute resolution.
|Domaine :||Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|
|Affiliation :||Department of Criminal Justice and Criminology, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA, USA|