|Titre :||EffiCiency and safety of an eLectronic cigAreTte (ECLAT) as tobacco cigarettes substitute: A prospective 12-month randomized control design study (2013)|
|Auteurs :||P. CAPONNETTO ; D. CAMPAGNA ; F. CIBELLA ; J. B. MORJARIA ; M. CARUSO ; C. RUSSO ; R. POLOSA|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||PLoS ONE (Vol.8, n°6, June 2013)|
|Article en page(s) :||e66317|
|Discipline :||EPI (Epidémiologie / Epidemiology)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASECIGARETTE ELECTRONIQUE ; ETUDE PROSPECTIVE ; ETUDE RANDOMISEE ; EFFICACITE ; SECURITE ; SUBSTITUTS NICOTINIQUES ; SEVRAGE ; TABAC ; REDUCTION DE CONSOMMATION
Background: Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are becoming increasingly popular with smokers worldwide. Users report buying them to help quit smoking, to reduce cigarette consumption, to relieve tobacco withdrawal symptoms, and to continue having a ‘smoking’ experience, but with reduced health risks. Research on e-cigarettes is urgently needed in order to ensure that the decisions of regulators, healthcare providers and consumers are based on science.
Methods: ECLAT is a prospective 12-month randomized, controlled trial that evaluates smoking reduction/abstinence in 300 smokers not intending to quit experimenting two different nicotine strengths of a popular e-cigarette model (‘Categoria’; Arbi Group Srl, Italy) compared to its non-nicotine choice. GroupA (n = 100) received 7.2 mg nicotine cartridges for 12 weeks; GroupB (n = 100), a 6-week 7.2 mg nicotine cartridges followed by a further 6-week 5.4 mg nicotine cartridges; GroupC (n = 100) received no-nicotine cartridges for 12 weeks. The study consisted of nine visits during which cig/day use and exhaled carbon monoxide (eCO) levels were measured. Smoking reduction and abstinence rates were calculated. Adverse events and product preferences were also reviewed.
Results: Declines in cig/day use and eCO levels were observed at each study visits in all three study groups (p Conclusion: In smokers not intending to quit, the use of e-cigarettes, with or without nicotine, decreased cigarette consumption and elicited enduring tobacco abstinence without causing significant side effects.
Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01164072 NCT01164072
|Domaine :||Tabac / Tobacco|
|Refs biblio. :||39|
|Affiliation :||Centro per la Prevenzione e Cura del Tabagismo, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria "Policlinico-V. Emanuele", Universita di Catania, Catania, Italy|