|Titre :||Colombia: Coca cultivation survey 2013|
|Auteurs :||ONUDC / UNODC ; Government of Colombia|
|Type de document :||Rapport|
|Editeur :||New York : UNODC/UNODCCP, 2014|
|Format :||131 p. / ill., graph., tabl., fig., ann.|
|Langues:||Anglais ; Espagnol|
|Discipline :||MAR (Marché de la drogue / Drug market)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASECOCA ; PRODUCTION ; ERADICATION ; AGRICULTURE ; GEOGRAPHIE ; EVOLUTION ; COCAINE ; ECONOMIE ; PRIX ; OPIUM ; MARCHE DE LA DROGUE
The census results show that on the 31st December 2013 Colombia had 48,000 coca crop hectares distributed within 23 of the country's 32 departments; the same amount as reported in 2012. This is the result of a leverage effect between a marked increase in regions where the phenomenon continues to be present and a general tendency of reduction in the rest of the country. 13 departments displayed a decrease within the coca crop area whilst 7 displayed an increase. 76% of the increase was concentrated in Nariño (+2,444 ha), Norte de Santander (+ 1,829 ha) and Putumayo (+ 1.519 ha); on the other hand, a 77% decrease was noted within Choco (- 1,768 ha), Antioquia (- 1,734 ha), Bolivar (- 1,043 ha) and Cauca (-999 ha). Indigenous reservation participations, within coca cultivations, increased from 11% in 2012 to 13% in 2013, whereas within AfroColombian community councils participation increased from 20% in 2012 to 19% in 2013. The coca cultivation within National Parks increased by 12%.
The methodology used to estimate potential cocaine production was adjusted to improve the estimation of the product area and to incorporate an adjustment factor to record new tendencies in the alkaloid extraction process. This is external to the Agriculture Production Unit. The potential cocaine production output without any adjustment applied (227 mt - 309 mt) is less than the potential cocaine production output including adjustment (249 mt - 331 mt). Manufacturing data presented from 2013 has been adjusted within this report and is not comparable to data published within the 2012 report. Details of adjustments and the 2009-2013 series are presented in annex 3 of this report. It is calculated using the parameters established during the previous year and the modified 2013 parameters to enable this comparison.
During the last decade, Colombia has created an institutional structure in charge of leading and implementing politics for alternative development as an effective strategy for the reduction in the amount of illegal crops. The institutional structure is not only reflected in the formulation and implementation of public policies, but also in the strengthening of community organisational capacities to promote alternative development with a social, entrepreneurial and business vision. In this sense, UNODC has contributed to increase the state capacity and that of civil society to fight against the illicit drugs problem. Colombia finds itself at a historic moment, in which alternative development provides valuable support within the construction of peace. These programmes should continue their efforts so that in a possible post conflict phase, rural communities can disconnect themselves from illicit economic activities and improve their quality of life. [Extracts of the executive summary]
|Domaine :||Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|
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