|Titre :||Temporal trends in marijuana attitudes, availability and use in Colorado compared to non-medical marijuana states: 2003-11 (2014)|
|Auteurs :||J. SCHUERMEYER ; S. SALOMONSEN-SAUTEL ; R. K. PRICE ; S. BALAN ; C. THURSTONE ; S. J. MIN ; J. T. SAKAI|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Drug and Alcohol Dependence (Vol.140, July 2014)|
|Article en page(s) :||145-155|
|Discipline :||EPI (Epidémiologie / Epidemiology)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEDEPENALISATION ; CANNABIS ; ATTITUDE ; DIFFUSION DES PRODUITS ; COMPARAISON ; USAGE THERAPEUTIQUE ; AGE ; PERCEPTION ; LEGALISATION
Background: In 2009, policy changes were accompanied by a rapid increase in the number of medical marijuana cardholders in Colorado. Little published epidemiological work has tracked changes in the state around this time.
Methods: Using the National Survey on Drug Use and Health, we tested for temporal changes in marijuana attitudes and marijuana-use-related outcomes in Colorado (2003-11) and differences within-year between Colorado and thirty-four non-medical-marijuana states (NMMS). Using regression analyses, we further tested whether patterns seen in Colorado prior to (2006-8) and during (2009-11) marijuana commercialization differed from patterns in NMMS while controlling for demographics.
Results: Within Colorado those reporting "great-risk" to using marijuana 1-2 times/week dropped significantly in all age groups studied between 2007-8 and 2010-11 (e.g. from 45% to 31% among those 26 years and older; p = 0.0006). By 2010-11 past-year marijuana abuse/dependence had become more prevalent in Colorado for 12-17 year olds (5% in Colorado, 3% in NMMS; p = 0.03) and 18-25 year olds (9% vs. 5%; p = 0.02). Regressions demonstrated significantly greater reductions in perceived risk (12-17 year olds, p = 0.005; those 26 years and older, p = 0.01), and trend for difference in changes in availability among those 26 years and older and marijuana abuse/dependence among 12-17 year olds in Colorado compared to NMMS in more recent years (2009-11 vs. 2006-8).
Conclusions: Our results show that commercialization of marijuana in Colorado has been associated with lower risk perception. Evidence is suggestive for marijuana abuse/dependence. Analyses including subsequent years 2012+ once available, will help determine whether such changes represent momentary vs. sustained effects.
|Domaine :||Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|
|Affiliation :||Department of Psychiatry, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, CO, USA|