|Titre :||A comparison of HIV risk behaviors between early and late initiators of injection drug use in Houston, Texas (2014)|
|Auteurs :||H. U. REHMAN ; S. W. NOOR ; K. J. CHRONISTER ; M. L. WOLVERTON ; W. TAIYM ; R. ARAFAT|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Journal of Substance Use (Vol.19, n°4, August 2014)|
|Article en page(s) :||307-312|
|Discipline :||MAL (Maladies infectieuses / Infectious diseases)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEVIH ; INITIATION ; AGE ; INJECTION ; COMPARAISON ; JEUNE ; USAGER ; CONDUITE A RISQUE
Background: Injecting drug use accounts for 10% of new HIV cases worldwide. Younger injecting drug users are more likely to engage in HIV risk behaviors.
Objectives: To assess the association between the age at initiation of injecting drugs and HIV risk behaviors.
Methods: Houston data from the National HIV Behavioral Surveillance System were analyzed. The primary exposure variable was the self-reported age at injecting drug initiation. This study assessed whether individuals who initiated injecting drugs before and after the age of 21 differ by selected socio-demographic characteristics and high risk behaviors.
Results: Black race and lower education level were shown to be the only statistically significant factors with those self-reported to initiate injecting drugs before turning 21. The group initiating use before the age of 21 was found to be more likely to share needles.
Conclusions: This study highlights that race and education are positively associated with younger injecting drug initiation and younger injectors tend to engage in HIV risk behaviors such as needle sharing.
|Domaine :||Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|
|Affiliation :||Bureau of Epidemiology, Houston Department of Health and Human Services, Houston, TX, USA|