|Titre :||Public opinion of drug treatment policy: Exploring the public's attitudes, knowledge, experience and willingness to pay for drug treatment strategies (2014)|
|Auteurs :||C. MATHESON ; M. JAFFRAY ; M. RYAN ; C. M. BOND ; K. FRASER ; M. KIRK ; D. LIDDELL|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||International Journal of Drug Policy (Vol.25, n°3, May 2014)|
|Article en page(s) :||407-415|
|Discipline :||SAN (Santé publique / Public health)|
Thésaurus GéographiqueECOSSE ; ROYAUME-UNI
Thésaurus TOXIBASEOPINION ; TRAITEMENT DE MAINTENANCE ; ATTITUDE ; POLITIQUE ; ETUDE TRANSVERSALE ; TRAITEMENT ; REVENU ; NIVEAU DE CONNAISSANCES ; MESURES QUALITATIVES
Background: Research evidence is strong for opiate replacement treatment (ORT). However, public opinion (attitudes) can be at odds with evidence. This study explored the relationships between, attitudes, knowledge of drugs and a range of socio-demographic variables that potentially influence attitude. This is relevant in the current policy arena in which a major shift from harm reduction to, rehabilitation is underway.
Methods: A cross sectional postal questionnaire survey in Scotland was conducted where the drug, treatment strategy has changed from harm-reduction to recovery-based. A random sample (N = 3000), of the general public, >18 years, and on the electoral register was used. The questionnaire was largely structured with tick box format but included two open questions for qualitative responses. Valuation was measured using the economic willingness-to-pay (WTP) method.
Results: The response rate was 38.1% (1067/2803). Less than 10% had personal experience of drug, misuse but 16.7% had experience of drug misuse via a friend/acquaintance. Regression modelling revealed more positive attitudes towards drug users in those with personal experience of drug misuse, (p £50,000 per, annum compared to Conclusions: There is a gap between public attitudes and evidence regarding drug treatment. Findings suggest a way forward might be to develop and evaluate treatment that integrates ORT with a community rehabilitative approach. Evaluation of public engagement/education to improve knowledge of drug treatment effectiveness is recommended.
|Domaine :||Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|
|Affiliation :||Centre of Academic Primary Care, University of Aberdeen, UK|