|Titre :||Global synthetic drugs assessment 2014. Amphetamine-type stimulants and new psychoactive substances|
|Auteurs :||ONUDC / UNODC|
|Type de document :||Rapport|
|Editeur :||New York : UNODC/UNODCCP, 2014|
|Autre Editeur :||New York : United Nations / Nations Unies|
|Format :||88 p. / graph., fig.|
|Discipline :||MAR (Marché de la drogue / Drug market)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEDROGUES DE SYNTHESE ; MARCHE DE LA DROGUE ; METHAMPHETAMINE ; TRAFIC INTERNATIONAL ; ECSTASY ; PHENOMENE EMERGENT ; PRODUCTION ; SAISIE ; EVOLUTION ; KETAMINE ; KHAT ; GEOGRAPHIE
Synthetic drugs are taking an ever-greater share of the illicit drugs market. New psychoactive substances (NPS) are also flooding a market for synthetic drugs long dominated by amphetamine-type stimulants (ATS), such as ecstasy and methamphetamine, which are more widely used than cocaine, opium or heroin.
Rates of methamphetamine seizures are higher than ever across the world, largely driven by the rise in seizures in East and South-East Asia as well as in North America.
Methamphetamine supply grew rapidly in Asia, already the largest market for ATS, between 2008 and 2012 when methamphetamine seizures tripled to 36 tons.
The report confirmed signs of an expansion of the use and manufacture of ATS in Europe already observed in 2011. Methamphetamine seems to be replacing amphetamine, particularly in Eastern Europe and the Baltics. Amphetamine continues to be the main ATS used in the Middle East.
Marketed - often wrongly - as 'legal highs' and 'designer drugs', NPS are proliferating but in the absence of an international framework, responses to the problem vary significantly from country to country. None of the 348 NPS reported globally in over 90 countries at the end of 2013 is currently under international control. However, in 2014, the United Kingdom requested the international control of mephedrone, a potentially fatal substance, under the 1971 UN Convention on Psychotropic Substances. The use of synthetic cannabinoids, which mimic the effects of cannabis, is soaring; the total number of these substances almost doubled from 60 in mid-2012 to 110 by 2013. [From the press release]
|Domaine :||Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|
|Affiliation :||Laboratory and Scientific Section, Division for Policy Analysis and Public Affairs, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Vienna, Austria|
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