|Titre :||Alcohol-related morbidity and mortality following involuntary job loss: evidence from Swedish register data (2014)|
|Auteurs :||M. ELIASON|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs (Vol.75, n°1, January 2014)|
|Article en page(s) :||35-46|
|Discipline :||EPI (Epidémiologie / Epidemiology)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEMILIEU PROFESSIONNEL ; MORBIDITE ; MORTALITE ; ALCOOL ; CHOMAGE ; FACTEUR DE RISQUE
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the association between involuntary job loss and alcohol-attributable morbidity and mortality.
METHOD: Swedish linked employee-employer data were used to identify all establishment closures during 1990-1999, as well as the employees who were laid off and a comparison group. These data were merged with information on alcohol-attributable deaths and hospital admissions from the Causes of Death Register and the National Patient Register. The associations between job loss and alcohol-attributable morbidity and mortality during a follow-up period of 12 years were estimated by propensity score weighting methods.
RESULTS: An excess risk of both alcohol-related hospitalization and mortality was found among both displaced men and women. For women, the wholly alcohol-attributable health problems were mainly limited to alcohol use disorders, whereas men also had an increased risk of hospitalization from poisoning and alcohol-induced liver disease and pancreatitis.
CONCLUSIONS: The findings support previous evidence of increased risks of alcohol-related morbidity/mortality following involuntary job loss, although the estimates presented herein are more conservative. In addition, the findings suggest that alcohol-related problems manifest somewhat differently in men and women.
|Domaine :||Alcool / Alcohol|
|Affiliation :||Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU), Uppsala, Sweden|