|Titre :||Cannabis careers revisited: Applying Howard S. Becker's theory to present-day cannabis use (2014)|
|Auteurs :||M. JÄRVINEN ; S. RAVN|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Social Science and Medicine (Vol.100, January 2014)|
|Article en page(s) :||133-140|
|Discipline :||SHS (Sciences humaines et sociales / Humanities and social sciences)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASESOCIOLOGIE ; THEORIE ; CANNABIS ; TRAJECTOIRE ; ETUDE QUALITATIVE ; JEUNE ; MODELE ; TYPE D'USAGE ; INSERTION
A considerable part of today's sociological research on recreational drug use is (explicitly or implicitly) inspired by Howard Becker's classical model of deviant careers. The aim of the present paper is to directly apply Becker's theory to empirical data on present-day cannabis use and to suggest a revision of the theory. As part of this, we propose a stretch of the sociological approach represented by Becker and followers in order to include, not only recreational drug use, but also use for which young people have sought treatment. The paper is based on 30 qualitative interviews with young people in treatment for cannabis problems in Copenhagen, Denmark. We suggest a revision of Becker's career model in relation to four aspects: initiation of cannabis use, differentiation between socially integrated and individualised, disintegrated use, social control from non-users, and the users' moral stance on cannabis. A central point of the paper is that social interaction may both motivate cannabis use, as Becker proposed, and serve as a protective factor against extensive, problematic use. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Becker's theory on drug use careers is revised due to cannabis' changed position.
Becker's model can be applied to youth in drug treatment if expanding the model.
The revision concerns initiation, regular use, social control and users' attitudes.
We differ between socially integrated use and individualised, disintegrated use.
Social interaction is both a motivating and protective factor for youth drug use.
|Domaine :||Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|
|Affiliation :||Department of Sociology, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen K, Denmark|