|Titre :||Legal substance use and the development of a DSM-IV cannabis use disorder during adolescence: the TRAILS study (2014)|
|Auteurs :||A. PRINCE VAN LEEUWEN ; H. E. CREEMERS ; F. C. VERHULST ; W. A. M. VOLLEBERGH ; J. ORMEL ; F. VAN OORT ; A. C. HUIZINK|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Addiction (Vol.109, n°2, February 2014)|
|Article en page(s) :||303-311|
|Note générale :||Commentary: Tobacco and cannabis use. Fergusson D.M., Boden J.M., p. 312-313.|
|Discipline :||EPI (Epidémiologie / Epidemiology)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEPRECOCITE ; ADOLESCENT ; DSM (III,IV,5) ; ALCOOL ; TABAC ; CANNABIS ; DIAGNOSTIC ; PREMIER USAGE ; FACTEUR DE RISQUE ; ETUDE LONGITUDINALE
Aims: To examine whether early onset of tobacco or alcohol use, and continued use of tobacco or alcohol in early adolescence, are related to a higher likelihood of developing a cannabis use disorder during adolescence.
Design and setting: Data were used from four consecutive assessment waves of the TRacking Adolescents' Individual Lives Survey (TRAILS), a general Dutch population study. TRAILS is an ongoing longitudinal study that will follow the same group of adolescents from the ages of 10 to 24 years. Participants The sample consisted of 1108 (58% female) adolescents (mean ages at the four assessment waves are 11.09, 13.56, 16.27 and 19.05 years, respectively).
Measurements: Cannabis use disorders were assessed using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview 3.0 (CIDI). Adolescent tobacco and alcohol use were assessed using self-report questionnaires.
Findings: Early-onset tobacco use [odds ratio (OR) = 1.82, confidence interval (CI) = 1.05-3.14, P 0.05), was associated with a higher likelihood of developing a cannabis use disorder. Similarly, adolescents who reported continued use of tobacco (OR = 2.47, CI = 1.02-5.98, P 0.05), were more likely to develop a cannabis use disorder.
Conclusions: Early-onset and continued tobacco use appear to predict the development of a cannabis use disorder in adolescence, whereas early onset and continued alcohol use do not.
|Domaine :||Alcool / Alcohol ; Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs ; Tabac / Tobacco|
|Refs biblio. :||46|
|Affiliation :||Research Institute of Child Development and Education, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands|