|Titre :||Internet and computer based interventions for cannabis use: A meta-analysis (2013)|
|Auteurs :||R. J. TAIT ; R. SPIJKERMAN ; H. RIPER|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Drug and Alcohol Dependence (Vol.133, n°2, December 2013)|
|Article en page(s) :||295-304|
|Discipline :||TRA (Traitement et prise en charge / Treatment and care)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASECANNABIS ; INTERVENTION ; INTERNET ; PREVENTION ; EFFICACITE ; REDUCTION DE CONSOMMATION ; INFORMATIQUE
Background: Worldwide, cannabis is the most prevalently used illegal drug and creates demand for prevention and treatment services that cannot be fulfilled using conventional approaches. Computer and Internet-based interventions may have the potential to meet this need. Therefore, we systematically reviewed the literature and conducted a meta-analysis on the effectiveness of this approach in reducing the frequency of cannabis use.
Methods: We systematically searched online databases (Medline, PubMed, PsychINFO, Embase) for eligible studies and conducted a meta-analysis. Studies had to use a randomized design, be delivered either via the Internet or computer and report separate outcomes for cannabis use. The principal outcome measure was the frequency of cannabis use.
Results: Data were extracted from 10 studies and the meta-analysis involved 10 comparisons with 4125 participants. The overall effect size was small but significant, g = 0.16 (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.09-0.22, P Conclusions: Internet and computer interventions appear to be effective in reducing cannabis use in the short-term albeit based on data from few studies and across diverse samples.
|Domaine :||Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|
|Sous-type de document :||Méta-analyse / Meta-analysis ; Revue de la littérature / Literature review|
|Affiliation :||Centre for Mental Health Research, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, Australia|