|Titre :||Using quantitative wastewater analysis to measure daily usage of conventional and emerging illicit drugs at an annual music festival (2013)|
|Auteurs :||F. Y. LAI ; P. K. THAI ; J. O'BRIEN ; C. GARTNER ; R. BRUNO ; B. KELE ; C. ORT ; J. PRICHARD ; P. KIRKBRIDE ; W. HALL ; S. CARTER ; J. F. MUELLER|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Drug and Alcohol Review (Vol.32, n°6, November 2013)|
|Article en page(s) :||594-602|
|Discipline :||EPI (Epidémiologie / Epidemiology)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEEAUX USEES ; ANALYSE CHIMIQUE ; MILIEU FESTIF ; PRODUIT ILLICITE ; TYPE D'USAGE ; DROGUES DE SYNTHESE ; CANNABIS ; ECSTASY ; METHAMPHETAMINE ; COCAINE ; PREVALENCE
Introduction and Aims: Wastewater analysis provides a non-intrusive way of measuring drug use within a population. We used this approach to determine daily use of conventional illicit drugs [cannabis, cocaine, methamphetamine and 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA)] and emerging illicit psychostimulants (benzylpiperazine, mephedrone and methylone) in two consecutive years (2010 and 2011) at an annual music festival.
Design and Methods: Daily composite wastewater samples, representative of the festival, were collected from the on-site wastewater treatment plant and analysed for drug metabolites. Data over 2 years were compared using Wilcoxon matched-pair test. Data from 2010 festival were compared with data collected at the same time from a nearby urban community using equivalent methods.
Results: Conventional illicit drugs were detected in all samples whereas emerging illicit psychostimulants were found only on specific days. The estimated per capita consumption of MDMA, cocaine and cannabis was similar between the two festival years. Statistically significant (P
|Domaine :||Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|
|Refs biblio. :||46|
|Affiliation :||National Research Centre for Environmental Toxicology, The University of Queensland, Coopers Plains, Australia|