|Titre :||Young adults' recreational social environment as a predictor of ecstasy use initiation: findings of a population-based prospective study (2013)|
|Auteurs :||A. SMIRNOV ; J. M. NAJMAN ; R. HAYATBAKHSH ; H. WELLS ; M. LEGOSZ ; R. KEMP|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Addiction (Vol.108, n°10, October 2013)|
|Article en page(s) :||1809-1817|
|Discipline :||EPI (Epidémiologie / Epidemiology)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEENVIRONNEMENT ; ECSTASY ; ADULTE JEUNE ; FACTEUR PREDICTIF ; INITIATION ; ETUDE PROSPECTIVE ; MILIEU SOCIOCULTUREL ; OFFRE ; MILIEU FESTIF ; MODELE
Aims: To examine prospectively the contribution of the recreational social environment to ecstasy initiation.
Design: Population-based retrospective/prospective cohort study.
Setting: Data from screening an Australian young adult population to obtain samples of users and non-users of ecstasy.
Participants: A sample of 204 ecstasy-naive participants aged 19-23 years was obtained, and a 6-month follow-up identified those who initiated ecstasy use.
Measurements: We assessed a range of predictors of ecstasy initiation, including elements of participants' social environment, such as ecstasy-using social contacts and involvement in recreational settings.
Findings: More than 40% of ecstasy-naive young adults reported ever receiving ecstasy offers. Ecstasy initiation after 6 months was predicted independently by having, at recruitment, many ecstasy-using social contacts [adjusted relative risk (ARR) 3.15, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.57, 6.34], attending electronic/dance music events (ARR 6.97, 95% CI: 1.99, 24.37), receiving an ecstasy offer (ARR 4.02, 95% CI: 1.23, 13.10), early cannabis use (ARR 4.04, 95% CI: 1.78, 9.17) and psychological distress (ARR 5.34, 95% CI: 2.31, 12.33). Adjusted population-attributable fractions were highest for ecstasy-using social contacts (17.7%) and event attendance (15.1%).
Conclusions: In Australia, ecstasy initiation in early adulthood is associated predominantly with social environmental factors, including ecstasy-using social contacts and attendance at dance music events, and is associated less commonly with psychological distress and early cannabis use, respectively. A combination of universal and targeted education programmes may be appropriate for reducing rates of ecstasy initiation and associated harms.
In Australia, young adults appear to start using ecstasy mainly because of social environmental factors (ecstasy-using social contacts and attendance at dance music events), and less as a result of psychological distress and early cannabis use.
|Domaine :||Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|
|Refs biblio. :||56|
|Affiliation :||School of Population Health, Queensland Alcohol and Drug Research and Education Centre, The University of Queensland, Herston, Queensland, Australia|