|Titre :||Efficacy of interventions to combat tobacco addiction: Cochrane update of 2012 reviews (2013)|
|Auteurs :||J. HARTMANN-BOYCE ; L. F. STEAD ; K. CAHILL ; T. LANCASTER|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Addiction (Vol.108, n°10, October 2013)|
|Article en page(s) :||1711-1721|
|Discipline :||TRA (Traitement et prise en charge / Treatment and care)|
Thésaurus mots-clésTABAC ; INTERVENTION ; SEVRAGE ; EFFICACITE ; PHARMACOTHERAPIE ; THERAPIE COMPORTEMENTALE ; PREVENTION ; TRAITEMENT
Background and aims: The Cochrane Collaboration is an international not-for-profit organization which produces and disseminates systematic reviews of health-care interventions. This paper is the first in a series of annual updates of Cochrane reviews on tobacco addiction interventions. It also provides an up-to-date overview of review findings in this area to date and summary statistics for cessation reviews in which meta-analyses were conducted.
Methods: In 2012, the Group published seven new reviews and updated 13 others. This update summarizes and comments on these reviews. It also summarizes key findings from all the other reviews in this area.
Results: New reviews in 2012 found that in smokers using pharmacotherapy, behavioural support improves success rates [risk ratio (RR) 1.16, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.09-1.24], and that combining behavioural support and pharmacotherapy aids cessation (RR 1.82, 95% CI = 1.66-2.00). Updated reviews established mobile phones as potentially helpful in aiding cessation (RR 1.71, 95% CI = 1.47-1.99), found that cytisine (RR 3.98, 95% CI = 2.01-7.87) and low-dose varenicline (RR 2.09, 95% CI = 1.56-2.78) aid smoking cessation, and found that training health professionals in smoking cessation improves patient cessation rates (RR 1.60, 95% CI = 1.26-2.03). The updated reviews confirmed the benefits of nicotine replacement therapy, standard dose varenicline and providing cessation treatment free of charge. Lack of demonstrated efficacy remained for partner support, expired-air carbon monoxide feedback and lung function feedback.
Conclusions: Cochrane systematic review evidence for the first time establishes the efficacy of behavioural support over and above pharmacotherapy, as well as the efficacy of cytisine, mobile phone technology, low-dose varenicline and health professional training in promoting smoking cessation.
Cochrane Reviews are a gold standard in establishing what works in clinical practice. Reviews published in 2012 found good evidence that behavioural interventions improve smokers' chances of stopping over and above use of stop-smoking medicines; that cytisine is effective in helping smokers to stop; that automated text messaging programmes can help smokers to stop and that training health professionals in smoking cessation improves their effectiveness in encouraging smokers to stop.
|Domaine :||Tabac / Tobacco|
|Sous-type de document :||Revue de la littérature / Literature review|
|Refs biblio. :||46|
|Affiliation :||Department of Primary Care Health Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK|