|Titre :||Effectiveness of a self-guided web-based cannabis treatment program: randomized controlled trial (2013)|
|Auteurs :||S. ROOKE ; J. COPELAND ; M. NORBERG ; D. HINE ; J. McCAMBRIDGE|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Journal of Medical Internet Research (Vol.15, n°2, February 2013)|
|Article en page(s) :||e26 ; 14 p.|
|Discipline :||TRA (Traitement et prise en charge / Treatment and care)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEINTERNET ; CANNABIS ; ETUDE RANDOMISEE ; PROGRAMME ; EFFICACITE ; INTERVENTION ; REDUCTION DE CONSOMMATION ; EVALUATION
BACKGROUND: Self-help strategies offer a promising way to address problems with access to and stigma associated with face-to-face drug and alcohol treatment, and the Internet provides an excellent delivery mode for such strategies. To date, no study has tested the effectiveness of a fully self-guided web-based treatment for cannabis use and related problems.
OBJECTIVES: The current study was a two-armed randomized controlled trial aimed at testing the effectiveness of Reduce Your Use, a fully self-guided web-based treatment program for cannabis use disorder consisting of 6 modules based on cognitive, motivational, and behavioral principles.
METHODS: 225 individuals who wanted to cease or reduce their cannabis use were recruited using both online and offline advertising methods and were randomly assigned to receive: (1) the web-based intervention, or (2) a control condition consisting of 6 modules of web-based educational information on cannabis. Assessments of cannabis use, dependence symptoms, and abuse symptoms were conducted through online questionnaires at baseline, and at 6-week and 3-month follow-ups. Two sets of data analyses were undertaken--complier average causal effect (CACE) modeling and intention to treat (ITT).
RESULTS: Two thirds (149) of the participants completed the 6-week postintervention assessment, while 122 (54%) completed the 3-month follow-up assessment. Participants in the intervention group completed an average of 3.5 of the 6 modules. The CACE analysis revealed that at 6 weeks, the experimental group reported significantly fewer days of cannabis use during the past month (P=.02), significantly lower past-month quantity of cannabis use (P=.01), and significantly fewer symptoms of cannabis abuse (P=.047) relative to controls. Cannabis dependence symptoms (number and severity) and past-month abstinence did not differ significantly between groups (Ps>.05). Findings at 3 months were similar, except that the experimental group reported significantly fewer and less severe cannabis dependence symptoms (Ps<.05 and past-month quantity of cannabis consumed no longer differed significantly between groups itt analyses yielded similar outcomes.> CONCLUSION: Findings suggest that web-based interventions may be an effective means of treating uncomplicated cannabis use and related problems and reducing the public health burden of cannabis use disorders.
TRIAL REGISTRATION: ACTRN12609000856213, Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry.
|Domaine :||Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|
|Refs biblio. :||51|
|Affiliation :||University of New South Wales, Randwick, Australia|