|Titre :||Alcohol use disorders and mortality: a systematic review and meta-analysis (2013)|
|Auteurs :||M. ROERECKE ; J. REHM|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Addiction (Vol.108, n°9, September 2013)|
|Article en page(s) :||1562-1578|
|Discipline :||EPI (Epidémiologie / Epidemiology)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEALCOOL ; MORTALITE ; SEXE
Aims: To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis on all-cause mortality in people with alcohol use disorders.
Methods: Using the Meta-analysis Of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (MOOSE) guidelines, studies were identified through MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Web of Science up to August, 2012. Prospective and historical cohort studies including a comparison of alcohol use disorder with a control group investigating all-cause mortality risk were included.
Results: This meta-analysis included 81 observational studies with 221 683 observed deaths among 853 722 people with alcohol use disorder. In men, the relative risk (RR) among clinical samples was 3.38 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.98-3.84); in women it was 4.57 (95% CI: 3.86-5.42). Alcohol use disorders identified in general population surveys showed a twofold higher risk compared with no alcohol use disorder in men; no data were available for women. RRs were markedly higher for those Conclusions: Mortality in people with alcohol use disorders is markedly higher than thought previously. Women have generally higher mortality risks than men. Among all people with alcohol use disorders, people in younger age groups and people in treatment show substantially higher mortality risk than others in that group.
Mortality in people with alcohol use disorder is markedly higher than thought previously. Women, younger people, and people undergoing treatment for the condition have higher mortality risks than other people with alcohol use disorders.
|Domaine :||Alcool / Alcohol|
|Sous-type de document :||Méta-analyse / Meta-analysis ; Revue de la littérature / Literature review|
|Refs biblio. :||142|
|Affiliation :||Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH), Toronto, ON, Canada|