|Titre :||Patterns of drug use in fatal crashes (2013)|
|Auteurs :||E. ROMANO ; R. A. POLLINI|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Addiction (Vol.108, n°8, August 2013)|
|Article en page(s) :||1428-1438|
|Note générale :||Commentary: Stopping drug-impaired driving and alcohol-impaired driving - synergy, not competition. DuPont R.L., Talpins S.K., Shea C.L., p. 1439-1440.|
|Discipline :||EPI (Epidémiologie / Epidemiology)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEACCIDENT ; CONDUITE DE VEHICULE ; MORTALITE ; ALCOOL ; ALCOOLEMIE ; PSYCHOTROPES ; CANNABIS ; DEPISTAGE
Aims: To characterize drug prevalence among fatally injured drivers, identify significant associations (i.e. day of week, time of day, age, gender), and compare findings with those for alcohol.
Design: Descriptive and logistic mixed-model regression analyses of Fatality Analysis Reporting System data.
Setting: US states with drug test results for >80% of fatally injured drivers, 1998-2010.
Participants: Drivers killed in single-vehicle crashes on public roads who died at the scene of the crash (n = 16 942).
Measurements: Drug test results, blood alcohol concentration (BAC), gender, age and day and time of crash.
Findings: Overall, 45.1% of fatally injured drivers tested positive for alcohol (39.9% BAC >= 0.08) and 25.9% for drugs. The most common drugs present were stimulants (7.2%) and cannabinols (7.1%), followed by 'other' drugs (4.1%), multiple drugs (4.1%), narcotics (2.1%) and depressants (1.5%). Drug-involved crashes occurred with relative uniformity throughout the day while alcohol-involved crashes were more common at night (P Conclusions: Fatal single-vehicle crashes involving drugs are less common than those involving alcohol and the characteristics of drug-involved crashes differ, depending upon drug class and whether alcohol is present. Concerns about drug-impaired driving should not detract from the current law enforcement focus on alcohol-impaired driving.
Fatal single-vehicle crashes involving drugs are less common than those involving alcohol. The characteristics of drug-involved crashes differ depending upon drug class and whether alcohol is present.
|Domaine :||Alcool / Alcohol ; Autres substances / Other substances ; Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|
|Refs biblio. :||30|
|Affiliation :||Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation (PIRE), Impaired Driving Center, PIRE, Calverton, MD, USA|