|Titre :||Preventing alcohol use with a voluntary after-school program for middle school students: results from a cluster randomized controlled trial of CHOICE (2012)|
|Auteurs :||E. J. D'AMICO ; J. S. TUCKER ; J. N. V. MILES ; A. J. ZHOU ; R. A. SHIH ; H. D. Jr. GREEN|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Prevention Science (Vol.13, n°4, August 2012)|
|Article en page(s) :||415-425|
|Discipline :||PRE (Prévention / Prevention)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEALCOOL ; PREVENTION ; MILIEU SCOLAIRE ; ADOLESCENT ; ETUDE RANDOMISEE ; PROGRAMME ; EVALUATION
There are many mandated school-based programs to prevent adolescent alcohol and drug (AOD) use, but few are voluntary and take place outside of class time.
Objectives: This cluster randomized controlled trial evaluates CHOICE, a voluntary after school program for younger adolescents, which reduced both individual- and school-level alcohol use in a previous pilot study.
Methods: We evaluated CHOICE with 9,528 students from 16 middle schools. The sample was 51% female; 54% Hispanic, 17% Asian, 15% white, 9% multiethnic and 3% African American. Fifteen percent of students attended CHOICE. All students completed surveys on alcohol beliefs and use at baseline and 6-7 months later. We conducted intention-to-treat (ITT) school-level analyses and propensity-matched attender analyses.
Results: Lifetime alcohol use in the ITT analysis (i.e., school level) achieved statistical significance, with an odds ratio (OR) of 0.70 and a number needed to treat (NNT) of 14.8. The NNT suggests that in a school where PC was offered, 1 adolescent out of 15 was prevented from initiating alcohol use during this time period. Although not statistically significant (p=.20), results indicate that past month alcohol use was also lower in PC schools (OR = 0.81; NNT = 45). Comparisons of attenders versus matched controls yielded results for lifetime use similar to school-wide effects (OR = 0.74 and NNT = 17.6).
Conclusions: Initial results are promising and suggest that a voluntary after school program that focuses specifically on AOD may be effective in deterring alcohol use among early adolescents; however, further research is needed as program effects were modest.
|Domaine :||Alcool / Alcohol|
|Affiliation :||RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, CA, USA|