|Titre :||Suspected and confirmed fatalities associated with mephedrone (4-methylmethcathinone, "meow meow") in the United Kingdom (2012)|
|Auteurs :||F. SCHIFANO ; J. CORKERY ; A. H. GHODSE|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology (Vol.32, n°5, October 2012)|
|Article en page(s) :||710-714|
|Discipline :||EPI (Epidémiologie / Epidemiology)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEMEPHEDRONE ; MORTALITE ; CATHINONE ; TOXICOLOGIE
BACKGROUND: International media have been reporting about fatalities allegedly related to mephedrone, a popular recreational stimulant, but now a proportion of them have been confirmed. We aimed here at analyzing information relating to the circumstances of mephedrone-related deaths in the United Kingdom.
METHODS: Descriptive analysis of information was mainly extracted from the UK National Programme on Substance Abuse Deaths database. With an average annual response rate of 95%, UK National Programme on Substance Abuse Deaths receives information from coroners on drug-related deaths among both addicts and nonaddicts in the United Kingdom, the Channel Islands, and the Isle of Man.
RESULTS: So far, 128 alleged mephedrone-associated fatalities have been reported; mephedrone was identified at postmortem in 90 cases; inquests have been concluded in 69 cases, 62 of which are analyzed here. Typical mephedrone victims were young (mean age, 28.8 years), male, and with a previous history of drug misuse. There was a notable number (18 cases [29%], 11 being from hanging) of deaths involving self-harm. Mephedrone alone was identified at postmortem on 8 occasions (13% of the inquests' sample).
CONCLUSIONS: Present mortality data may suggest a significant level of caution when ingesting mephedrone. Limitations include an inability to determine the exact extent of risks associated with mephedrone consumption.
|Domaine :||Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|
|Refs biblio. :||34|
|Affiliation :||School of Pharmacy, University of Hertfordshire, Hatfield, UK|