|Titre :||Khat: A review of its potential harms to the individual and communities in the UK|
|Auteurs :||Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs|
|Type de document :||Rapport|
|Editeur :||London : Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs (ACMD), 2013|
|Format :||96 p. / ann.|
|Discipline :||PRO (Produits, mode d'action, méthode de dépistage / Substances, action mode, screening methods)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEKHAT ; FACTEUR DE RISQUE ; EFFET SECONDAIRE ; PHARMACOLOGIE ; PREVALENCE ; PATHOLOGIE ORGANIQUE ; PSYCHOPATHOLOGIE ; LEGISLATION ; TRAITEMENT ; RECOMMANDATION
Thésaurus GéographiqueROYAUME-UNI ; INTERNATIONAL
Introduction: Khat is a herbal product consisting of the leaves and shoots of the shrub Catha edulis. It is chewed to obtain a mild stimulant effect and is a less potent stimulant than other commonly used drugs, such as amphetamine or cocaine.
Khat is not controlled under the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971 and is currently imported and used legally in the UK.
Khat is imported into the UK from the main khat growing regions of Kenya, Ethiopia and Yemen.
Generally, khat chewing is a social event which takes place within family homes, community parties and at khat cafes. Traditionally khat has been used as a medicine and was widely perceived to be a food, not a drug.
Background: The ACMD reviewed the harms associated with khat use in 2005 and determined that khat should not be controlled under the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971 and made a number of education and research recommendations.
The Minister responsible for drugs requested the ACMD to review and update its assessment of 2005 and provide advice in relation to control under the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971.
Khat Use - International:
There are no international comparable prevalence estimates for use of khat and no reliable published evidence as to the rates of khat use in European countries. However within Europe khat use is primarily amongst BME immigrants from the Horn of Africa countries.
Rates of khat use appear high among the general populous in Somalia, Yemen and Ethiopia. However prevalence of khat use is far less among the Somali community living in the UK than in the population living in Somalia. [Extract]
|Domaine :||Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|
|Sous-type de document :||Revue de la littérature / Literature review|
|Refs biblio. :||189|