|Titre :||Effectiveness of screening and brief alcohol intervention in primary care (SIPS trial): pragmatic cluster randomised controlled trial (2013)|
|Auteurs :||E. KANER ; M. BLAND ; P. CASSIDY ; S. COULTON ; V. DALE ; P. DELUCA ; E. GILVARRY ; C. GODFREY ; N. HEATHER ; J. MYLES ; D. NEWBURY-BIRCH ; A. OYEFESO ; S. PARROTT ; K. A. PERRYMAN ; T. PHILLIPS ; J. SHEPHERD ; C. DRUMMOND|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||British Medical Journal (Vol.346, n°7892, 26 January 2013)|
|Article en page(s) :||e8501 ; 14 p.|
|Note générale :||Editorial: "Screening and brief intervention for alcohol use disorders in primary care. Simple screening and provision of written information may be enough for most patients", E. Murray, BMJ 2013;346:e8706.|
|Discipline :||TRA (Traitement et prise en charge / Treatment and care)|
Thésaurus GéographiqueANGLETERRE ; ROYAUME-UNI
Thésaurus TOXIBASEALCOOL ; EVALUATION ; DEPISTAGE ; INTERVENTION BREVE ; ETUDE RANDOMISEE ; REDUCTION DE CONSOMMATION ; SOINS DE PREMIER RECOURS ; AUDIT ; SUIVI DU PATIENT ; CONSEIL
Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of different brief intervention strategies at reducing hazardous or harmful drinking in primary care. The hypothesis was that more intensive intervention would result in a greater reduction in hazardous or harmful drinking.
Design: Pragmatic cluster randomised controlled trial.
Setting: Primary care practices in the north east and south east of England and in London.
Participants: 3562 patients aged 18 or more routinely presenting in primary care, of whom 2991 (84.0%) were eligible to enter the trial: 900 (30.1%) screened positive for hazardous or harmful drinking and 756 (84.0%) received a brief intervention. The sample was predominantly male (62%) and white (92%), and 34% were current smokers.
Interventions: Practices were randomised to three interventions, each of which built on the previous one: a patient information leaflet control group, five minutes of structured brief advice, and 20 minutes of brief lifestyle counselling. Delivery of the patient leaflet and brief advice occurred directly after screening and brief lifestyle counselling in a subsequent consultation.
Main outcome measures: The primary outcome was patients’ self reported hazardous or harmful drinking status as measured by the alcohol use disorders identification test (AUDIT) at six months. A negative AUDIT result (score Results: Patient follow-up rates were 83% at six months (n=644) and 79% at 12 months (n=617). At both time points an intention to treat analysis found no significant differences in AUDIT negative status between the three interventions. Compared with the patient information leaflet group, the odds ratio of having a negative AUDIT result for brief advice was 0.85 (95% confidence interval 0.52 to 1.39) and for brief lifestyle counselling was 0.78 (0.48 to 1.25). A per protocol analysis confirmed these findings.
Conclusions: All patients received simple feedback on their screening outcome. Beyond this input, however, evidence that brief advice or brief lifestyle counselling provided important additional benefit in reducing hazardous or harmful drinking compared with the patient information leaflet was lacking.
|Domaine :||Alcool / Alcohol|
|Refs biblio. :||47|
|Affiliation :||Institute of Health and Society, Newcastle University, Newcastle, UK|