|Titre :||An evolving problem: Methamphetamine production and trafficking in the United States (2012)|
|Auteurs :||R. K. SHUKLA ; J. L. CRUMP ; E. S. CHRISCO|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||International Journal of Drug Policy (Vol.23, n°6, November 2012)|
|Article en page(s) :||426-435|
|Discipline :||MAR (Marché de la drogue / Drug market)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEMETHAMPHETAMINE ; TRAFIC ; PRODUCTION ; MARCHE DE LA DROGUE ; DROGUES DE SYNTHESE ; CONTROLE DES STUPEFIANTS ; LABORATOIRE CLANDESTIN
Thésaurus GéographiqueETATS-UNIS ; MEXIQUE
Background: Methamphetamine is a serious illicit drug problem in the United States and globally. For decades, methamphetamine has been supplied to the illicit market through local clandestine manufacturing and trafficking. In the early stages, illicit methamphetamine was produced and trafficked by motorcycle gangs and Mexican criminal groups. Over time, local clandestine manufacturing increasingly contributed to the illicit supply and broader methamphetamine problem. This review examines the evolution of the illicit methamphetamine supply in the U.S.
Methods: A review of the literature on methamphetamine production and trafficking was conducted. Information was obtained from numerous sources including governmental reports, books and academic articles.
Results: Attempts to control the supply of methamphetamine have only led to short term disruptions in availability. Clandestine manufacturing and trafficking have undergone significant changes over the past several decades. Shifts in local production have regularly been counterbalanced by changes in production and trafficking from criminal organizations in Mexico. Transnational criminal organizations now control much of the methamphetamine supply in the U.S. and methamphetamine remains widely available.
Conclusions: The supply of methamphetamine in the United States is dynamic. Producers and traffickers have adapted to control efforts and the problem continues. Control efforts focused on eliminating supply are limited at best.
|Domaine :||Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|
|Sous-type de document :||Revue de la littérature / Literature review|
|Affiliation :||University of Central Oklahoma, School of Criminal Justice, Edmond, OK, USA|