|Titre :||A systematic review of school-based marijuana and alcohol prevention programs targeting adolescents aged 10-15 (2010)|
|Auteurs :||M. LEMSTRA ; N. BENNETT ; U. NANNAPANENI ; C. NEUDORF ; L. WARREN ; T. KERSHAW ; C. SCOTT|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Addiction Research and Theory (Vol.18, n°1, February 2010)|
|Article en page(s) :||84-96|
|Discipline :||PRE (Prévention - RdRD / Prevention - Harm reduction)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEADOLESCENT ; PREVENTION ; MILIEU SCOLAIRE ; PROGRAMME ; ALCOOL ; CANNABIS ; EFFICACITE ; INTERVENTION ; EVALUATION
Aims: The purpose of this systematic review was to determine if school-based marijuana and alcohol prevention programs are effective in preventing marijuana and alcohol use in adolescents between the ages of 10-15 years. In particular, we examined knowledge versus comprehensive type prevention programs in order to better understand the inconsistency of results in school-based marijuana and alcohol prevention programs found in the literature.
Methods: We performed a systematic literature review to identify published or unpublished papers between January 01, 1980 and December 02, 2007 that reviewed the long-term effectiveness (1 year or longer) of school-based marijuana and alcohol primary prevention programs targeting adolescents aged 10-15 years.
Results: Long-term marijuana and alcohol prevention programs that utilized a "comprehensive" program content resulted in: (a) a mean absolute reduction of 12 days of alcohol usage per month and (b) a mean absolute reduction of 7 days of marijuana usage per month among adolescents aged 10-15 years old. In comparison, school-based marijuana and alcohol prevention programs that utilized "knowledge only" program content resulted in a mean absolute decrease of 2 days of alcohol usage per month among adolescents aged 10-15 years old. Only one study used knowledge-based content and marijuana use as an outcome measure and as such statistical pooling was not possible.
Conclusions: The most effective primary prevention programs for reducing marijuana and alcohol use among adolescents aged 10-15 years in the long-term were comprehensive programs that included anti-drug information combined with refusal skills, self-management skills and social-skills training.
|Domaine :||Alcool / Alcohol ; Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|
|Sous-type de document :||Revue de la littérature / Literature review|
|Affiliation :||Saskatoon Health Region, Public Health, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada|