|Titre :||Cocaine and its metabolites in the placenta: a systematic review of the literature (2012)|
|Auteurs :||N. DE GIOVANNI ; D. MARCHETTI|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Reproductive Toxicology (Vol.33, n°1, January 2012)|
|Article en page(s) :||1-14|
|Discipline :||PRO (Produits, mode d'action, méthode de dépistage / Substances, action mode, screening methods)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASECOCAINE ; FOETUS ; GROSSESSE ; METABOLITE ; MECANISME D'ACTION ; BIOCHIMIE
It is clear that cocaine and cocaine metabolites are present in the placenta and may harm the fetus. The results of the experimental manipulation of cocaine exposure are not reported in the literature in a consistent manner. We conducted a systematic review of selected articles that demonstrated the analytical detection of cocaine and its metabolites in the placenta and that were published from January 1, 1956-June 30, 2011 using Medline, Toxline and Scopus databases. The collected data confirm that the placenta does not act as a barrier to fetal exposure, that cocaine quickly crosses the placenta and that one of the essential roles of the placenta is to metabolize cocaine during pregnancy. Our systematic review summarized the results showing that cocaine, benzoylecgonine and norcocaine are stored in the myometrium and the placental membrane and maintain continuous drug delivery to the amniotic fluid (and to the fetus) probably via diffusion.
• We systematically reviewed literature about analytical detection of cocaine in the placenta.
• The collected data confirm that the placenta does not act as a barrier to fetal exposure.
• Cocaine, benzoylecgonine and norcocaine are stored in the myometrium and in the placental membrane.
• This storage maintains a continuous drug delivery to the amniotic fluid and to the fetus.
|Domaine :||Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|
|Sous-type de document :||Revue de la littérature / Literature review|
|Refs biblio. :||70|
|Affiliation :||Institute of Forensic Medicine, Universita Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Rome, Italy|