|Titre :||Analysis of factors related to illegal tobacco sales to young people in Ontario (1999)|
|Auteurs :||B. O'GRADY ; M. ASBRIDGE ; T. J. ABERNATHY|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Tobacco Control (Vol.8, n°3, September 1999)|
|Article en page(s) :||301-305|
|Discipline :||LOI (Loi et son application / Law enforcement)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEAGE MINIMUM LEGAL ; TABAC ; VENTE ; ADOLESCENT ; MINEUR ; DEBIT DE TABAC ; ACHAT ; TEST ; LEGISLATION
OBJECTIVE: To identify and to discuss factors influencing illegal merchant sales of tobacco to underage people in Ontario, Canada.
DESIGN: Results were obtained through random retail compliance checks of tobacco merchants. A multivariate analysis specified the relationship between selected independent variables and the willingness of tobacco merchants to sell to minors. The selected independent variables included retail operation type, community population size, the presence of tobacco production, signage, sex and age of volunteers, smoking prevalence rates, and enforcement rates.
PARTICIPANTS: A random, stratified sample of 438 tobacco retailers in 186 communities in Ontario.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Willingness of merchants to sell tobacco to minors.
RESULTS: Older youths and girls were more likely to be sold tobacco products. Purchase attempts carried out in tobacco-producing regions were also statistically related to illegal sales.
CONCLUSIONS: Policy efforts to control youth access to tobacco in Canada may need to invoke legislation requiring merchants to request proper identification from customers who appear to be under the age of 25, and who seek to purchase tobacco products. Further attention could also be directed at tobacco control policies and enforcement strategies that need to consider the unique challenges faced by jurisdictions where the tobacco industry is a powerful presence.
|Domaine :||Tabac / Tobacco|
|Refs biblio. :||28|
|Affiliation :||Department of Sociology and Anthropology, University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada|