|Titre :||Characteristics and predictors of health problems from use among high-frequency cannabis users in a Canadian university student population (2012)|
|Auteurs :||B. FISCHER ; M. DAWE ; F. McGUIRE ; P. A. SHUPER ; W. JONES ; K. RUDZINSKI ; J. REHM|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy (Vol.19, n°1, February 2012)|
|Article en page(s) :||49-58|
|Discipline :||EPI (Epidémiologie / Epidemiology)|
Thésaurus mots-clésJEUNE ; JEUNE ADULTE ; MILIEU ETUDIANT ; FACTEUR PREDICTIF ; CANNABIS ; TYPE D'USAGE ; FACTEUR DE RISQUE ; ENQUETE ; EPIDEMIOLOGIE DESCRIPTIVE
Aims: Assess key cannabis use, risk and outcome characteristics among high-frequency cannabis users within a university student sample in Toronto, Canada.
Methods: N = 134 active universities students (ages of 18-28) using cannabis at least three times per week were recruited by mass advertisement, telephone-screened and anonymously assessed by an interviewer-administered questionnaire. Relevant descriptive statistics are presented; subsequent univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses (MLRA) identified independent predictors of experiencing physical or mental health problems. Findings: The majority of respondents used cannabis >5 years, almost daily and >1 times/day, socially and medically on occasion. In past 30 days, 79% used cannabis by deep inhalation, 38% drove a car after use, 45% had difficulty controlling or limiting use and 52% experienced negative mental/physical health effects, with few respondents reporting any past treatment. The MLRA identified 'difficulty controlling or limiting use' (OR = 3.40, 95% CI = 1.58-7.30), 'non-white ethnicity' (OR = 2.78, 95% CI = 1.13-6.83), and 'living with others' (OR = 2.37, 95% CI = 1.02-5.55) as independent predictors (p Conclusions: Our sample was characterized by several use-related risks and problems, which may result in long-term burden of disease. University environment may offer suitable settings for targeted interventions. Determinants of future cannabis use and problems should be assessed in this population.
|Domaine :||Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|
|Affiliation :||Centre for Applied Research in Mental Health and Addictions, Faculty of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Vancouver, Canada|