|Titre :||14C analyses quantify time lag between coca leaf harvest and street-level seizure of cocaine (2012)|
|Auteurs :||J. R. EHLERINGER ; J. F. CASALE ; J. E. BARNETTE ; X. XU ; M. J. LOTT ; J. HURLEY|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Forensic Science International (Vol.214, n°1-3, 10 January 2012)|
|Article en page(s) :||7-12|
|Discipline :||MAR (Marché de la drogue / Drug market)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASECOCA ; COCAINE ; ANALYSE CHIMIQUE ; PRODUCTION ; SAISIE ; MESURES QUANTITATIVES ; DIFFUSION DES PRODUITS
Measurements were made on the natural abundance 14C content (14C) of cocaine specimens seized between 2003 and 2009. The objective of this study was to determine the extent to which 14C analyses could quantify the "age" of recent cocaine seizures. Here "age" of a seized cocaine specimen is defined as the time period between when a coca leaf was harvested in South America and its seizure as cocaine at either the international or domestic street levels. Based on 14C analyses of seizure specimens, there were no statistically significant differences in the ages of domestic cocaine HCl and cocaine base specimens seized on the streets in different locations across the United States. Between 2007 and 2009, the average age of a street-level cocaine seizure in the United States was 24.6 ± 1.1 months. Cocaine shipment seizures that were in excess of 150 kg during this time period had an average age of 18.2 ± 1.4 months, whereas smaller shipment seizures were significantly older with an average age of 22.3 ± 0.6 months. Analyses of the largest cocaine shipment seizures suggested that these seizures were composed of specimens with different ages, possibly representing accumulations over as much as a 31-month period.
• Columbian drug traffickers require ∼24 months between coca leaf growth and the arrival of cocaine in the United States.
• Seizures of cocaine base and cocaine HCL were not statistically different in age.
• Foreign and domestically seized cocaine were not statistically different in age.
• Seizures of large cocaine shipments were statistically younger than small cocaine shipments.
|Domaine :||Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|
|Refs biblio. :||20|
|Affiliation :||Department of Biology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA|