|Titre :||Working hours and alcohol problems in early adulthood (2012)|
|Titre original:||(Horaires de travail et problèmes liés à l'alcool au début de l'âge adulte)|
|Auteurs :||S. J. GIBB ; D. M. FERGUSSON ; L. J. HORWOOD|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Addiction (Vol.107, n°1, January 2012)|
|Article en page(s) :||81-88|
|Discipline :||EPI (Epidémiologie / Epidemiology)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEALCOOL ; MILIEU PROFESSIONNEL ; ABUS ; DEPENDANCE ; DIFFERENCE DE GENRE ; ETUDE LONGITUDINALE ; ADULTE JEUNE
Thésaurus GéographiqueNOUVELLE ZELANDE
|Mots-clés:||conditions de travail|
AIMS: To examine the associations between working hours and alcohol-related problems during early adulthood.
DESIGN AND SETTING: Longitudinal study of a birth cohort born in Christchurch, New Zealand in 1977 and studied to age 30.
PARTICIPANTS: A total of 1019 participants with data available for working hours and alcohol-related problems at either age 25 or 30.
MEASUREMENTS: Weekly working hours in paid employment; frequent alcohol use; diagnosis of alcohol abuse/dependence; number of symptoms of alcohol abuse/dependence. Associations between working hours and alcohol-related problems were adjusted for covariates including measures of: parental and family background; personality and behaviour; IQ and educational achievement; recent negative life events; recent mental health problems; and current partner and family circumstances.
FINDINGS: Longer work hours were associated significantly with more frequent alcohol use (P CONCLUSIONS: Longer work hours appear to be associated with higher rates of alcohol-related problems, including more frequent alcohol use, higher rates of alcohol abuse/dependence and a greater number of alcohol abuse/dependence symptoms. These associations remain even after extensive adjustment for confounding.
|Domaine :||Alcool / Alcohol|
|Refs biblio. :||35|
|Affiliation :||Christchurch Health and Development Study, University of Otago, Christchurch School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Christchurch, New Zealand|