|Titre :||Regime change: Re-visiting the 1961 Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs (2012)|
|Auteurs :||D. R. BEWLEY-TAYLOR ; M. JELSMA|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||International Journal of Drug Policy (Vol.23, n°1, January 2012)|
|Article en page(s) :||72-81|
|Discipline :||LOI (Loi et son application / Law enforcement)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASETRAITE INTERNATIONAL ; POLITIQUE ; HISTOIRE ; CANNABIS ; COCA ; OPIUM ; PRODUCTION ; LEGISLATION
BACKGROUND: March 2011 marked the 50th anniversary of the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs. This legal instrument, the bedrock of the current United Nations based global drug control regime, is often viewed as merely a consolidating treaty bringing together the multilateral drug control agreements that preceded it; an erroneous position that does little to provide historical context for contemporary discussions surrounding revision of the international treaty system.
METHOD: This article applies both historical and international relations perspectives to revisit the development of the Convention. Framing discussion within the context of regime theory, a critique of the foundational pre-1961 treaties is followed by detailed content analysis of the official records of the United Nations conference for the adoption of a Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs and, mindful of later treaties, an examination of the treaty's status as a 'single' convention.
RESULTS: The Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs represents a significant break with the regulative focus of the preceding multilateral treaties; a shift towards a more prohibitive outlook that within international relations terms can be regarded as a change of regime rather than the straightforward codification of earlier instruments. In this respect, the article highlights the abolition of drug use that for centuries had been embedded in the social, cultural and religious traditions of many non-Western states. Further, although often-overlooked, the Convention has failed in its aim of being the 'single' instrument within international drug control. The supplementing treaties developed in later years and under different socio-economic and political circumstances have resulted in significant inconsistencies within the control regime.
CONCLUSION: Having established that a shift in normative focus has taken place in the past, the article concludes that it is timely for the international community to revisit the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs with a view to correcting past errors and inconsistencies within the regime, particularly those relating to Scheduling and traditional drug use.
|Domaine :||Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|
|Refs biblio. :||46|
|Affiliation :||Department of Political and Cultural Studies, College of Arts and Humanities, Swansea University, Swansea SA2 8PP, United Kingdom|