|Titre :||The role of academic motivation in high school students' current and lifetime alcohol consumption: adopting a self-determination theory perspective (2011)|
|Auteurs :||S. V. WORMINGTON ; K. G. ANDERSON ; J. HENDERLONG CORPUS|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs (Vol.72, n°6, November 2011)|
|Article en page(s) :||965-974|
|Discipline :||SHS (Sciences humaines et sociales / Human and social sciences)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEMILIEU ETUDIANT ; MOTIVATION ; ALCOOL ; ADOLESCENT ; THEORIE ; MODELE
OBJECTIVE: The current study investigated the relationship between different types of academic motives - specifically, intrinsic motivation, introjected regulation, and external regulation - and high school students' current and lifetime alcohol consumption.
METHOD: One thousand sixty-seven high school students completed measures of academic motivation, other school-related factors, and lifetime and current alcohol consumption.
RESULTS: Using structural equation modeling, different types of motivation and school-related factors were differentially related to student drinking. Specifically, intrinsic motivation was negatively related to lifetime and current alcohol consumption. External regulation, on the other hand, was positively associated with current drinking. Grade point average was the only school-related factor related to student alcohol use.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that motivation is an important construct to consider in predicting students' alcohol use, even when other more commonly studied educational variables are considered. In addition, it supports the adoption of a motivation framework that considers different types of motivation in understanding the relationship between academic motivation and alcohol use. Suggestions for incorporating the self-determination model of motivation into studies of alcohol and substance use, as well as potential impacts on intervention efforts, are discussed. In particular, it may be important to foster only certain types of motivation, rather than all types of academically-focused motives, in efforts to deter alcohol use.
|Domaine :||Alcool / Alcohol|
|Affiliation :||Department of Psychology, Reed College, Portland, Oregon 97202, USA|