|Titre :||Gambling and health risk behaviors among U.S. college student-athletes: findings from a national study (2007)|
|Auteurs :||J. H. HUANG ; D. F. JACOBS ; J. L. DEREVENSKY ; R. GUPTA ; T. S. PASKUS|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Journal of Adolescent Health (Vol.40, n°5, May 2007)|
|Article en page(s) :||390-397|
|Note générale :||Editorial: "Gambling with adolescent health", R.A. LaBrie, H.J. Shaffer, p. 387-389.|
|Discipline :||EPI (Epidémiologie / Epidemiology)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEMILIEU ETUDIANT ; SPORT ; JEUNE ; ADOLESCENT ; ENQUETE ; JEU PATHOLOGIQUE ; CONDUITE A RISQUE ; ALCOOL ; TABAC ; PRODUIT ILLICITE ; PREVALENCE
PURPOSE: To examine prevalence and associations of gambling problems and health risk behaviors among college athletes from the first national survey of gambling among U.S. college student-athletes.
METHODS: Conducted by the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA), this self-administered and anonymous survey collected information from a nationally representative sample of 20,739 student-athletes.
RESULTS: Males consistently had higher past-year prevalence of gambling than females (e.g., 62.4% of males reported some type of gambling vs. 42.8% of females). Based on DSM-IV Gambling Screen, this study identified 4.3% of males and 0.4% of females as problem/pathological gamblers. A general upward trend existed that as the level of gambling problems increased, so did the prevalence of substance use, gorging/vomiting, and unprotected sex. Cross-group comparisons by gambler type were all significant. Problem and pathological gamblers also experienced significantly more drug/alcohol-related problems than non-gamblers and social gamblers.
CONCLUSIONS: Direct associations found between gambling and multiple risk behaviors in college student-athletes support the persistence of the youth problem-behavior syndrome and suggest the need for multi-faceted initiatives to tackle these risk behaviors simultaneously.
|Domaine :||Addictions sans produit / Addictions without drug ; Plusieurs produits / Several products|
|Affiliation :||Department of Educational and Counselling Psychology, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada|