|Titre :||Amphetamines and ecstasy: 2011 Global ATS assessment|
|Auteurs :||ONUDC / UNODC|
|Type de document :||Rapport|
|Editeur :||Vienna : UNODC, 2011|
|Autre Editeur :||New York : United Nations / Nations Unies|
|Collection :||Global SMART Programme|
|Format :||124 p. / graph., tabl., fig.|
|Discipline :||MAR (Marchés / Markets)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEDROGUES DE SYNTHESE ; MARCHE DE LA DROGUE ; PRODUCTION ; ORGANISATION CRIMINELLE ; SAISIE ; PRECURSEURS ; GEOGRAPHIE ; AMPHETAMINES ; METHAMPHETAMINE ; MDMA-ECSTASY ; TRAFIC INTERNATIONAL ; LABORATOIRE CLANDESTIN
This report ranks amphetamine-type stimulants (ATS) such as ecstasy and methamphetamine as the world's second most widely used type of drug after cannabis. Offering the most comprehensive and current analysis of the situation, the 2011 Global ATS Assessment notes that the expansion of the drug's trade and the high criminal profits pose an increasing threat to security and health worldwide.
While heroin and cocaine have attracted the majority of attention in recent years, ATS seizure figures and the discovery of clandestine laboratories show a rapidly growing area of concern. Whereas heroin, cocaine and cannabis remained largely stable in the period 2005 to 2009, ATS seizures (with the exception of ecstasy which remained constant) showed a clear increase over the same period. Affordable and easy to manufacture, ATS are attractive drugs of choice for millions of drug users in all regions of the world and offer criminals a new entry into unexploited and fresh markets. Unlike plant-based drugs such as opiates or cocaine, synthetic drugs can be manufactured anywhere with little initial investment required on the part of criminals.
According to the Assessment, the number of methamphetamine pills seized in South-East Asia grew significantly in recent years: from 32 million in 2008, to 93 million in 2009 and 133 million in 2010.
Methamphetamine may also be expanding into Europe with several countries reporting an increase in its use and production. There are some signs that the drug may be replacing amphetamine in certain parts of the continent.
Confirming the global spread of ATS, manufacture is also increasingly being reported from Central and South America, with laboratories dismantled in Brazil, Guatemala and Nicaragua.
The use of ATS through intravenous means is another emerging concern with widespread health issues particularly given its links to the spread of HIV and AIDS. Indicators point towards a rise on this front most notably in East and South-East Asia, as well as parts of Western and Eastern Europe. [From the press release]
|Domaine :||Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|
|Affiliation :||Vienna, Austria|
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