|Titre :||Cigarette, marijuana, and alcohol use and prior drug treatment among newly homeless young adults in New York City: Relationship to a history of foster care (2011)|
|Titre original:||(Consommation de cigarettes, de cannabis ou d'alcool et prise en charge pour des problèmes de drogues dans une population de jeunes adultes new-yorkais devenus récemment sans abris : lien avec un passé de placement en famille d'accueil ou en foyer)|
|Auteurs :||R. G. THOMPSON ; D. S. HASIN|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Drug and Alcohol Dependence (Vol.117, n°1, August 2011)|
|Article en page(s) :||66-69|
|Discipline :||PRE (Prévention / Prevention)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASESANS ABRI ; ADULTE JEUNE ; FACTEUR DE RISQUE ; FAMILLE D'ACCUEIL ; FAMILLE ; MALTRAITANCE ; CONSOMMATION ; ALCOOL ; CANNABIS ; TABAC
BACKGROUND: This study examined whether a history of foster care was associated with the risk for substance use among newly homeless young adults, controlling for demographics and other risk factors.
METHODS: Multiple logistic regression analyses, adjusted for controls, among consecutive admissions of 424 newly homeless young adults (18-21 years), determined the association between foster care and substance use.
RESULTS: A history of foster care was reported by 35% of the sample. Alcohol, marijuana, and cigarettes were the most frequently used substances. After adjusting for demographics, childhood emotional, physical, and sexual abuse, prior arrest, unemployment, lack of high school diploma, and family drug use, homeless young adults with histories of foster care were: three times as likely to smoke cigarettes (AOR = 3.09); more than three times as likely to use marijuana (AOR = 3.30); and almost nine times as likely to have been in drug treatment (AOR = 8.81) than those without such histories.
CONCLUSIONS: It is important to screen homeless young adults who exited foster care for substance use, particularly cigarettes and marijuana. Risk reduction interventions should be targeted and tailored to their substance prevention needs.
|Domaine :||Alcool / Alcohol ; Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs ; Tabac / Tobacco|
|Refs biblio. :||39|
|Affiliation :||Department of Psychiatry, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA|