|Titre :||African Americans, crack, and the federal sentencing guidelines|
|Auteurs :||J. A. INCIARDI ; H. L. SURRATT ; S. P. KURTZ|
|Type de document :||Chapitre|
|Année de publication :||2010|
|Note générale :||Reprinted from "African Americans, crack, and the federal sentencing guidelines.", J.A. Inciardi, H.L. Surratt, S.P. Kurtz, 2007, Roxbury Publishing.|
|Discipline :||LOI (Loi et son application / Law enforcement)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASECRACK ; ETHNIE ; MINORITE ; SANCTION PENALE ; COCAINE ; MEDIA ; REPRESENTATION SOCIALE ; LEGISLATION ; CRIMINALITE
Historically, various antidrug policies have targeted ethnic minorities. Current federal law allows for more severe penalties for possession of crack-cocaine than for cocaine powder, and this sentencing policy has been criticized on the grounds that it discriminates against African Americans.
Media portrayal has contributed to the perception that crack-cocaine is used disproportionately among African Americans, and these media portrayals are described briefly in this essay. The authors then report findings from their study of an ethnically diverse sample of cocaine users in Miami. The results show that crack use does not differ substantively across ethnic groups. Moreover, although crack users engage in various criminal activities, the authors observed only a few ethnic differences in relation to the crack-crime connection.
|Domaine :||Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|