|Titre :||South-East Asia Opium survey 2010|
|Auteurs :||ONUDC / UNODC|
|Type de document :||Rapport|
|Editeur :||Vienna : UNODC, 2010|
|Format :||82p. / graph., tabl., ill.|
|Discipline :||MAR (Marché de la drogue / Drug market)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASECULTURE ILLICITE ; AGRICULTURE ; PRIX ; OPIUM ; GEOGRAPHIE ; PRODUCTION
Thésaurus GéographiqueTHAILANDE ; LAOS ; BIRMANIE
Combining the UNODC Lao PDR and Myanmar Opium Surveys as well as information on poppy cultivation in Thailand from that country's Office of the Narcotics Control Board, the Survey points to rising levels of opium poppy cultivation across all three countries.
It also highlights the continued high opium prices seen in recent years. For 2010 the potential value for opium production in South-East Asia rose dramatically to US$ 219 million - an increase of US$ 100 million over the 2009 estimate, and a monetary jump of 82%.
In terms of cultivation, there was a 22 per cent increase between 2009 and 2010 in the region as a whole. Myanmar experienced the biggest increase in actual area with cultivation climbing by 6,400 hectares (ha), or 20 per cent, to reach 38,100 ha in 2010. In the case of Lao PDR the increase was the largest in percentage terms - 58 per cent - increasing from 1,900 ha to 3,000 ha. Thailand's already small cultivation increased marginally from 211 ha to 289 ha.
The Survey shows that while opium poppy cultivation in South-East Asia remains well below the peak figures of the mid-1990s, the year-on-year increase over the past four years, from the low point in 2006, has been relentlessly upward. [Extract of the press release]
|Domaine :||Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|
|URL :||UNODC and illicit crop monitoring|
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