|Titre :||A growing market. The domestic cultivation of cannabis|
|Auteurs :||M. HOUGH ; WARBURTON H. ; FEW B. ; T. MAY ; L. H. MAN ; J. WITTON ; P. J. TURNBULL|
|Type de document :||Rapport|
|Editeur :||Londres : National Addiction Center, 2003|
|Autre Editeur :||York : Joseph Rowntree Foundation|
|Format :||57 p. / graph.|
|Discipline :||LOI (Loi et son application / Law enforcement)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASECANNABIS ; CULTURE PRIVEE ; LEGISLATION ; TEMOIGNAGE ; TRAITE INTERNATIONAL ; POLICE ; ENQUETE ; USAGE THERAPEUTIQUE ; REPRESSION
Thésaurus GéographiqueROYAUME-UNI ; PAYS DE GALLES ; SUISSE ; PAYS-BAS ; PORTUGAL ; AUSTRALIE ; CANADA
This report examines the domestic cultivation of cannabis in England and Wales. Traditionally cannabis has been imported into the country by drug traffickers, but rapid changes are occurring. The extent of home cultivation has grown rapidly over the past decade, and home growing now accounts for a significant amount of cannabis consumed in this country. This study identifies the reasons why different people become involved in the home-growing of cannabis -ranging from the medicinal to the social to the commercial- and considers the implications for policing the different groups. It examines approaches taken to tackling cultivation in various other countries and considers how the United Nations conventions on iIlicit drugs affects domestic policy in this area. The study draws on a small-scale survey of growers, a survey of police forces and on desk research.
|Note de contenu :||
1 - Introduction:
Defining terms .
Aims and methods.
The structure of the report.
2 - Cannabis cultivation for personal use:
The use of cannabis.
The cannabis market.
The mechanics of home growing.
Types of home grower.
3 - Cultivation and the law:
Policing policy on cultivation.
Enforcement in practice.
The reclassification of cannabis.
4 - Cultivation and the United Nations conventions:
The 1961 Convention.
The 1988 Convention.
The 'room for manoeuvre': a stocktaking.
The politics of the conventions.
5 - Approaches in other countries:
Switzerland: beyond the UN conventions.
The Netherlands: tolerance through decriminalisation.
Portugal: tolerance and treatment - but not for cultivation.
South Australia: the expiation scheme.
Canada: towards decriminalisation and 'ticketing'?
Sweden: approaching zero tolerance.
France: heavy penalties but prosecutorial discretion.
6 - Discussion and conclusions:
Cultivation for personal use.
Non-commercial social cultivation.
Beyond reclassification - reassessing the UN conventions.
Further research and monitoring.
|Domaine :||Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|
|Refs biblio. :||39|
|Affiliation :||Joseph Rowntree Foundation, The Homestead, York, UK|