|Titre :||Cannabis causes schizophrenia? So does nicotine : Opinion piece (2010)|
|Auteurs :||D. F. ZULLINO ; R. MANGHI ; T. RATHELOT ; R. KHAN ; Y. KHAZAAL|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Addiction Research and Theory (Vol.18, n°6, December 2010)|
|Article en page(s) :||601-605|
|Note générale :||
Commentaries on Zullino et al.:
"Does a lack of specificity rule out a causal relationship between cannabis use and schizophrenia?", Hall W., p.606-8.
"The science and politics of cannabis, drugs and schizophrenia", Frisher M., p.609-11.
Reply to commentaries:
"Need for new hypotheses", Zullino D.F., Manghi R., Rathelot T., Khan R., Khazaal Y., p.612-5.
|Discipline :||PSY (Psychopathologie / Psychopathology)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASECANNABIS ; COMORBIDITE ; SCHIZOPHRENIE ; TABAC ; COMPARAISON ; ADDICTION
The correlations between cannabis use and schizophrenia have to be considered as widely corroborated. Among the diverse hypotheses that can be formulated to account for the direction of causality (e.g. Degenhardt and Hall 2002), the one asserting that cannabis use can cause or trigger schizophrenia due to its acute hallucinogenic properties (“the psychotogenic hypothesis”) has received the most support.
To uphold this hypothesis, however, the correlations found between cannabis and schizophrenia should contrast with those possibly measurable for substances which are not acutely "psychotogenic". The prevailing "psychotogenic hypothesis" can actually be challenged when the frequently presented arguments for a suggested role of cannabis in triggering schizophrenia are compared with the data from tobacco studies. [Extract]
|Domaine :||Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs ; Tabac / Tobacco|
|Affiliation :||Service d'addictologie, Hôpitaux Universitaires de Genève, Rue verte 2, CH-1205 Genève, Switzerland / Suisse|