|Titre :||Alcohol and HIV/AIDS|
|Type de document :||Rapport|
|Editeur :||Copenhagen : WHO Regional Office for Europe, 1994|
|Format :||40 p.|
|Note générale :||Report on a Consultation Scotland's Hotel, Pitlochry Scotland, 18-21 April 1993|
|Discipline :||PRO (Produits, mode d'action, méthode de dépistage / Substances, action mode, screening methods)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEALCOOL ; SYSTEME IMMUNITAIRE ; EFFET SECONDAIRE ; VIH ; SEXUALITE ; ACTIVITE SEXUELLE ; POLITIQUE ; PREVENTION ; RECHERCHE
Thésaurus GéographiqueEUROPE ; ETATS-UNIS
It has been demonstrated that prolonged heavy drinking may impair the human immune system. Present evidence also suggests that even moderate levels of alcohol consumption on a single occasion reduce immune responses and may foster HIV replication in human blood. Studies have so far failed to support the conclusion that alcohol consumption increases high risk sexual activity, even though it is widely assumed that such an effect does occur. It is evident that, amongst heterosexual males and females heavier drinkers are particularly likely to engage in high risk sex as well as other risky behaviours.
It is recommended that further research should be conducted urgently to clarify the possible impact of alcohol on the immune system and upon high risk sexual behaviour.
In many countries a high proportion of sexual encounters are preceded by alcohol consumption and/or intoxication. It is recommended that information on the possible alcohol-sex -HIV lAIDS connection should be made available. Drinking locales, such as bars and licensed clubs, should be adopted as priority target areas for HIV /AlDS education. (Author’s abstract)
|Domaine :||Alcool / Alcohol|
|Refs biblio. :||115|