|Titre :||Tobacco industry efforts at discrediting scientific knowledge of environmental tobacco smoke: a review of internal industry documents (2001)|
|Auteurs :||J. DROPE ; S. CHAPMAN|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health (Vol.55, n°8, August 2001)|
|Article en page(s) :||588-594|
|Discipline :||SAN (Santé publique / Public health)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEINDUSTRIE DU TABAC ; RECHERCHE ; INFORMATION ; JUSTICE ; ENQUETE
STUDY OBJECTIVE Using tobacco industry internal documents to investigate the use of tobacco industry consulting scientists to discredit scientific knowledge of environmental tobacco smoke (ETS).
DESIGN Basic and advanced searches were performed on the Philip Morris, Tobacco Institute, R J Reynolds, Brown and Williamson, Lorillard, and the Council for Tobacco Research document web sites, with a concentration on the years 1985–1995. Guildford depository files located on the Canadian Council on Tobacco Control website were also searched. The documents were found in searches undertaken between 1 March and 30 June 2000.
MAIN RESULTS The industry built up networks of scientists sympathetic to its position that ETS is an insignificant health risk. Industry lawyers had a large role in determining what science would be pursued. The industry funded independent organisations to produce research that appeared separate from the industry and would boost its credibility. Industry organised symposiums were used to publish non-peer reviewed research. Unfavourable research conducted or proposed by industry scientists was prevented from becoming public.
CONCLUSIONS Industry documents illustrate a deliberate strategy to use scientific consultants to discredit the science on ETS.
|Domaine :||Tabac / Tobacco|
|Refs biblio. :||43|
|Affiliation :||Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Sydney, Australia|
|Centre Emetteur :||13 OFDT|