|Titre :||Types of alcoholic beverages and blood lipids in a French population (2002)|
|Auteurs :||J. B. RUIDAVETS ; P. DUCIMETIERE ; D. ARVEILER ; P. AMOUYEL ; A. BINGHAM ; A. WAGNER ; D. COTTEL ; B. PERRET ; J. FERRIERES|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health (Vol.56, n°1, January 2002)|
|Article en page(s) :||24-28|
|Discipline :||EPI (Epidémiologie / Epidemiology)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEALCOOL ; SANG ; PATHOLOGIE ; BOISSON ALCOOLISEE ; LIPIDES ; ETUDE TRANSVERSALE ; FACTEUR DE PROTECTION
Study objective: Prospective studies have shown a consistent relation between alcohol consumption and decreasing incidence of coronary artery disease. The protective effect of alcohol could be mediated through increased levels of HDL cholesterol (HDL-c). The aim of this study was to examine the relation between blood lipid levels and the consumption of different types of alcoholic beverages among 1581 men and 1535 women.
Design: Data from representative cross sectional surveys (1994-1997) in three different regions of France were used. The consumption of the different types of alcohol was quantified using a recall method according to a typical weekly consumption.
Main results: The median daily alcohol intake was 24 g for men and 4 g for women. After adjustment for confounders, total alcohol showed a positive and significant association with HDL-c and triglycerides (TG) in both sexes. In multivariate analysis, wine was positively associated with HDL-c. Beer was positively associated with HDL-c in men and with triglycerides in men and women. When taking drinking patterns into account, wine drinkers had higher HDL-c levels than non-wine drinkers. Differences became non-significant after adjustment for confounders and particularly for socioeconomic parameters.
Conclusions: In a French population sample, total alcohol was positively associated with HDL-c and triglycerides. The specific influence of any particular alcoholic beverage on blood lipids was not clearly demonstrated but wine preference found in a group with higher lifestyle standards was associated with a more favourable blood lipid profile.
|Domaine :||Alcool / Alcohol|
|Refs biblio. :||33|
|Affiliation :||INSERM U558, Département d'épidémiologie, Faculté de médecine, Toulouse, France|
|Centre Emetteur :||13 OFDT|