|Titre :||Reductions in tobacco smoke pollution and increases in support for smoke-free public places following the implementation of comprehensive smoke-free workplace legislation in the Republic of Ireland: findings from the ITC Ireland/UK Survey|
|Auteurs :||G. T. FONG ; A. HYLAND ; R. BORLAND ; D. HAMMOND ; G. HASTINGS ; A. McNEILL ; S. ANDERSON ; K. M. CUMMINGS ; S. ALLWRIGHT ; M. MULCAHY ; F. HOWELL ; L. CLANCY ; M. E. THOMPSON ; G. CONNOLLY ; P. DRIEZEN|
|Type de document :||Périodique|
|Année de publication :||2006|
|Note générale :||Tobacco Control, 2006, 15, (Suppl.3), iii51-iii58|
|Discipline :||SAN (Santé publique / Public health)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASETABAC ; LEGISLATION ; INTERDICTION DE FUMER ; MILIEU PROFESSIONNEL ; DEBIT DE BOISSONS ; FUMEE DE TABAC ; ENQUETE
Thésaurus GéographiqueIRLANDE ; ROYAUME-UNI
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the psychosocial and behavioural impact of the first ever national level comprehensive workplace smoke-free law, implemented in Ireland in March 2004. DESIGN: Quasi-experimental prospective cohort survey: parallel cohort telephone surveys of national representative samples of adult smokers in Ireland (n = 769) and the UK (n = 416), surveyed before the law (December 2003 to January 2004) and 8-9 months after the law (December 2004 to January 2005).
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Respondents' reports of smoking in key public venues, support for total bans in those key venues, and behavioural changes due to the law. RESULTS: The Irish law led to dramatic declines in reported smoking in all venues, including workplaces (62% to 14%), restaurants (85% to 3%), and bars/pubs (98% to 5%). Support for total bans among Irish smokers increased in all venues, including workplaces (43% to 67%), restaurants (45% to 77%), and bars/pubs (13% to 46%). Overall, 83% of Irish smokers reported that the smoke-free law was a "good" or "very good" thing. The proportion of Irish homes with smoking bans also increased. Approximately 46% of Irish smokers reported that the law had made them more likely to quit. Among Irish smokers who had quit at post-legislation, 80% reported that the law had helped them quit and 88% reported that the law helped them stay quit.
CONCLUSION: The Ireland smoke-free law stands as a positive example of how a population-level policy intervention can achieve its public health goals while achieving a high level of acceptance among smokers. These findings support initiatives in many countries toward implementing smoke-free legislation, particularly those who have ratified the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, which calls for legislation to reduce tobacco smoke pollution.
|Domaine :||Tabac / Tobacco|
|Refs biblio. :||42|
|Affiliation :||Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada|
|Centre Emetteur :||13 OFDT|