|Titre :||Users' perceptions of the risks and effects of taking ecstasy (MDMA): a questionnaire study (2006)|
|Titre traduit :||(Perception par les utilisateurs des risques et des effets de la prise d'ecstasy (MDMA) : une étude par questionnaire)|
|Auteurs :||P. N. MURPHY ; M. WAREING ; J. E. FISK|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Journal of Psychopharmacology (Vol.20, n°3, 2006)|
|Article en page(s) :||447-455|
|Discipline :||PRO (Produits, mode d'action, méthode de dépistage / Substances, action mode, screening methods)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASETROUBLES DE L'HUMEUR ; ECSTASY ; PERCEPTION ; QUESTIONNAIRE ; FACTEUR DE RISQUE ; COMPORTEMENT
|Résumé :||This self-report questionnaire study examined ecstasy users' perceptions of the risks associated with their use of ecstasy, their precautions against such risks, and its perceived effects on their lives. Gender differences in these areas were also explored. The sample comprised 328 ecstasy users (139 female, 187 male, one transsexual) with a mean age of 22.5 years (SD = 4.9 years). Questionnaires were completed either in hard copy or through a website concerned with ecstasy use. The results showed that friends were the most common source of information about ecstasy for the sample overall, although females were more likely to utilize this source than males. None of the five categories of perceived risk (e.g. psychiatric, physical) showed a significant gender difference. Males were more likely to take rest breaks whilst females were more likely to limit consumption as a precaution against harm. Three factors emerged from a principal components analysis concerning perceived personal change since initiation of ecstasy use. Factor 1 (23.8% of the variance) concerned negative experiences (e.g. depression). Factor 2 (22.0% of the variance) concerned positive personal qualities (e.g. caring). Factor 3 (10.5% of the variance) concerned selective aspects of functioning (e.g. alertness). The pattern of Factor 1 and Factor 2 scores over time suggested that 6 years since initiation of ecstasy use might be a time when some long-term users may be open to reassess their use of the drug. Broader implications of the findings for health education initiatives aimed at ecstasy users are discussed.|
|Domaine :||Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|
|Refs biblio. :||27|
Department of Social and Psychological Sciences, Edge Hill College of Higher Education, St Helens Road, Ormskirk, Lancashire L39 4QP.
Royaume-Uni. United Kingdom.
|Numéro Toxibase :||1301697|
|Centre Emetteur :||13 OFDT|