|Titre :||Inhalant use, abuse, and dependence among adolescent patients: commonly comorbid problems|
|Titre traduit :||(Usage, abus et dépendance à des inhalants chez des patients adolescents : problèmes de comorbidité habituels)|
|Auteurs :||J. T. SAKAI ; S. K. HALL ; S. K. MIKULICH-GILBERTSON ; T. J. CROWLEY|
|Type de document :||Périodique|
|Année de publication :||2004|
|Note générale :||
Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 2004, 43, (9), 1080-1088
|Discipline :||PSY (Psychopathologie / Psychopathology)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEADOLESCENT ; ABUS ; DEPENDANCE ; INHALANTS ; COMORBIDITE ; PSYCHOPATHOLOGIE ; DEPISTAGE ; TRAITEMENT
|Résumé :||OBJECTIVE: Little is known about adolescents with DSM-IV-defined inhalant abuse and dependence. The aim of this study was to compare comorbidity among (1) adolescents with inhalant use disorders, (2) adolescents who reported using inhalants without inhalant use disorder, and (3) other adolescent patients drawn from an adolescent drug and alcohol treatment program. METHOD: The authors examined 847 admissions of patients who had completed structured diagnostic assessments. The three groups were compared for noninhalant substance use disorders, posttraumatic stress disorder, conduct disorder, major depression, previous suicide attempts, and physical/sexual abuse and neglect. RESULTS: Adolescents with inhalant abuse or dependence (group 1; n = 28) were significantly more likely to meet lifetime criteria for abuse or dependence on alcohol, hallucinogens, nicotine, cocaine, and amphetamines, to have had major depression, and to have attempted suicide compared with other adolescent patients who reported never using inhalants (group 3); adolescents with inhalant use disorders also reported significantly more abuse and neglect. Adolescents with inhalant abuse or dependence (group 1) did not differ significantly on any measure compared with adolescents who reported using inhalants without an inhalant use disorder (group 2). CONCLUSIONS: Adolescent patients with a history of inhalant use, abuse, or dependence entering treatment should be carefully screened for noninhalant substance use disorders, major depression, suicidality, and abuse and neglect.|
|Domaine :||Plusieurs produits / Several products|
Division of Substance Dependence, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Denver, CO 80262.
Etats-Unis. United States.
|Numéro Toxibase :||1301568|
|Centre Emetteur :||13 OFDT|