|Titre :||Computer-assisted cognitive rehabilitation with substance-abusing patients: effects on treatment response|
|Titre original:||(Rééducation cognitive assistée par ordinateur chez des patients abusant d'une substance : les effets sur la réponse au traitement)|
|Auteurs :||GROHMAN K. ; W. FALS-STEWART|
|Type de document :||Périodique|
|Année de publication :||2003|
|Note générale :||
Journal of Cognitive Rehabilitation (The), 2003, 21, (4), 10-17
|Discipline :||TRA (Traitement et prise en charge / Treatment and care)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASECOGNITION ; INFORMATIQUE ; TRAITEMENT ; ABUS ; DEPENDANCE ; TEST ; NEUROPSYCHOLOGIE
A large and growing body of empirical research indicates chronic abuse of alcohol and other psychoactive substances results in measurable neuroanatomical changes. For example, neuroimaging studies of chronic alcoholic patients have found general cortical shrinkage, enlarged ventricles, increased space between the gyri of the cerebral cortex and reduced glucose utilization. [...] The purpose of the present study was to examine the effect of computer-assisted cognitive rehabilitation with substance abusing patients in a long-term residential treatment program compared to two other control conditions (i.e., a computer-assisted typing tutorial or treatment-as-usual). The present study partially replicates many of the features of the Fals-Stewart and Lucente (1994) study, but addresses the limitations noted above by (a) recruiting patients for participation regardless of cognitive status and (b) conducting the study in a typical residential substance-abuse treatment program in which treatment drop-out is common, allowing for examination of computer-assisted cognitive rehabilitation on length of stay in residence. We hypothesized that participants who received computer-assisted cognitive rehabilitation would show superior treatment response compared to those in the other intervention conditions. In addition, we also explored the potentially differential impact of cognitive status (i.e,, impaired versus unimpaired) on the effects of the different interventions on treatment response indicators.
|Domaine :||Plusieurs produits / Several products|
|Refs biblio. :||37|
The Research Institute on Addictions, University at Buffalo, The State University of New York, 1021 Main Street, Buffalo, NY 14203
Etats-Unis. United States.
|Numéro Toxibase :||1301669|
|Centre Emetteur :||13 OFDT|