|Titre :||The $5 man: the underground economic response to a large cigarette tax increase in New York City (2007)|
|Auteurs :||SHELLEY D. ; M. J. CANTRELL ; J. MOON-HOWARD ; D. Q. RAMJOHN ; N. VANDEVANTER|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||American Journal of Public Health (Vol.97 n°8, August 2007)|
|Article en page(s) :||1483-1488|
|Note générale :||
American Journal of Public Health, 2007, 97, (8), 1483-1488, tabl.
|Discipline :||PRE (Prévention / Prevention)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASETABAC ; TAXE ; ECONOMIE ; ENQUETE ; ETHNIE
OBJECTIVES: We examined the mechanisms by which living in a disadvantaged minority community influences smoking and illegal cigarette sale and purchasing behaviors after a large cigarette tax increase.
METHODS: Data were collected from 14 focus groups (n=104) that were conducted during the spring of 2003 among Blacks aged 18 years and older living in New York City.
RESULTS: A large tax increase led to what focus group participants described as a pervasive illegal cigarette market in a low-income minority community. Perceived pro-smoking community norms, a stressful social and economic environment, and the availability of illegal cigarettes worked together to reinforce smoking and undermine cessation.
CONCLUSIONS: Although interest in quitting was high, bootleggers created an environment in which reduced-price cigarettes were easier to access than cessation services. This activity continues to undermine the public health goals of the tax increase. (Author' s abstract)
|Domaine :||Tabac / Tobacco|
|Refs biblio. :||48|
Department of Sociomedical Sciences, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY 10 032, USA.
Etats-Unis. United States.
|Centre Emetteur :||13 OFDT|