|Titre :||Tests of causal links between alcohol abuse or dependence and major depression|
|Auteurs :||D. M. FERGUSSON ; J. M. BODEN ; L. J. HORWOOD|
|Type de document :||Périodique|
|Année de publication :||2009|
|Note générale :||
Archives of General Psychiatry, 2009, 66, (3), 260-266
|Discipline :||PSY (Psychopathologie / Psychopathology)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEALCOOL ; ABUS ; DEPENDANCE ; COMORBIDITE ; DEPRESSION ; ETUDE LONGITUDINALE ; PSYCHOPATHOLOGIE ; MODELE
Thésaurus GéographiqueNOUVELLE ZELANDE
|Résumé :||Context: There has been a great deal of research on the comorbidity between alcohol abuse or dependence (AAD) and major depression (MD). However, it is unclear whether AAD increases the risk of MD or vice versa. Objective: To examine the associations between AAD and MD using fixed-effects modeling to control for confounding and using structural equation models to ascertain the direction of causality. Design: Data were gathered during the course of the Christchurch Health and Development Study, a 25-year longitudinal study of a birth cohort of children from New Zealand (635 boys, 630 girls). Setting: General community sample. Participants: The analysis was based on a sample of 1055 participants with available data on AAD and MD at ages 17 to 18, 20 to 21, and 24 to 25 years. Main Outcome Measures: Symptom criteria for AAD and MD from the DSM-IV at ages 17 to 18, 20 to 21, and 24 to 25 years as well as measures of life stress, cannabis use, other illicit drug use, affiliation with deviant peers, unemployment, partner substance use, and partner criminality at ages 17 to 18, 20 to 21, and 24 to 25 years. Results: There were significant (P|
|Domaine :||Alcool / Alcohol|
|Refs biblio. :||43|
Christchurch Health and Development Study, Department of Psychological Medicine, University of Otago, Christchurch School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Christchurch.
Nouvelle Zélande. New Zealand.
|Centre Emetteur :||13 OFDT|