|Titre :||Global SMART update 2009 - Vol.1 & 2 : Global Synthetics Monitoring: Analyses, Reporting and Trends Programme|
|Auteurs :||ONUDC / UNODC|
|Type de document :||Rapport|
|Editeur :||Vienna : UNODC, 2009|
|Collection :||Global SMART Updates, num. Vol. 1 & 2|
|Format :||11 + 15 p. / ill.|
|Discipline :||MAR (Marché de la drogue / Drug market)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASECANNABINOIDES ; DROGUES DE SYNTHESE ; METHAMPHETAMINE ; AMPHETAMINES ; PSEUDO-EPHEDRINE ; MDMA-ECSTASY ; KETAMINE ; BRONCHODILATATEURS ; METHCATHINONE ; CATHINONES ; PRECURSEURS ; LABORATOIRE CLANDESTIN ; SAISIE ; TRAFIC INTERNATIONAL
Thésaurus GéographiqueINTERNATIONAL ; ASIE ; EUROPE ; AMERIQUE ; POLYNESIE FRANCAISE ; REPUBLIQUE DOMINICAINE ; TONGA ; NOUVELLE ZELANDE ; AUSTRALIE ; PHILIPPINES ; CHINE ; INDONESIE ; LAOS ; JAPON ; VIETNAM ; THAILANDE ; MALAISIE ; BIRMANIE ; BANGLADESH ; SRI LANKA ; INDE ; KIRGHIZISTAN ; YEMEN ; JORDANIE ; LIBAN ; HONG KONG ; TAIWAN ; CAMBODGE ; AFGHANISTAN ; IRAN ; IRAK ; ARABIE SAOUDITE ; UKRAINE ; ISLANDE ; CANADA ; ETATS-UNIS ; MEXIQUE ; HONDURAS ; PEROU ; ARGENTINE ; GUATEMALA ; COLOMBIE ; BRESIL ; CHILI ; AFRIQUE DU SUD ; NIGERIA ; GUINEE ; TURQUIE ; HONGRIE ; REPUBLIQUE TCHEQUE ; ALLEMAGNE ; PAYS-BAS ; SUEDE ; ROYAUME-UNI
These reports are produced by the UNODC Global SMART Programme which is designed to improve the capacity of targeted Member States to generate, manage, analyse, report and use information on illicit synthetic drugs. Globally there are significantly more users of synthetic drugs, such as amphetamine-type stimulants (ATS), than heroin and cocaine, combined. Additionally, since 1990 ATS-related manufacture is confirmed to have occurred in more than 60 countries worldwide, with more discovered each year. Unlike heroin and cocaine, ATS are constantly evolving with new products appearing on the market each year, some with deadly consequences. Given the speed with which changes in the ATS markets occur, it is especially important to have a simple sustainable mechanism for frequent sharing of emerging information from different parts of the world. This biannual update highlights emerging information that illustrates shifts in the manufacture, trafficking and use of various synthetic drugs.
The Global SMART Update reports synthetic drug information in several categories, such as significant or unusual drug or precursor chemical seizures, new locations or methods for clandestine manufacture, changes in legislation to combat synthetic drugs, newly emerging drugs or user groups, and health implications related to their use.
The inaugural issue (Vol. 1, March, 2009) highlighted several countries across the globe where new incidents of manufacture had recently been identified-particularly throughout Latin America-demonstrating the flexibility and speed with which ATS manufacture can become established in any country.
Volume 2 contains several articles related to new types of synthetic drugs and precursor chemicals; while some of them are simply new combinations of existing chemicals, others appear truly new to the market, such as 3-f1uoroamphetamine. Many of these substances are specifically engineered to circumvent international and national controls by subtle modification made to the chemistry of the controlled substance. These substances are almost never tested for human consumption and incidences of toxicity have already been reported-some fatal. (Editor' s abstract)
|Domaine :||Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|
|Centre Emetteur :||13 OFDT|